Purpose: The purpose of the current prospective randomized clinical trial (RCT) was to compare the clinical outcomes of combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction with those of isolated ACL reconstruction and evaluate the re-rupture rate between the two study groups.Methods: This prospective RCT included 58 patients (43 men and 15 women) who underwent ACL reconstruction, either isolated (Group I: 26 patients) or combined with the ALL reconstruction (Group II: 32 patients). Preoperatively, the two groups differed in age and rate of medial meniscal injuries. The patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively during the time points corresponding to 6 (T-1) weeks, 12 (T-2) weeks, 6 (T-3) months, 12 (T-4) months, and 24 (T-5) months. The evaluation included the clinical examination (comprising Lachman test, Pivot Shift test, Range of Motion, and Rolimeter differential anterior laxity), the objective clinical score (Objective IKDC [The International Knee Documentation Committee] score), and the subjective clinical scores (comprising Subjective IKDC score, Lysholm score, and Tegner activity score). The postoperative complications of all the patients were recorded.Results: Both the groups reported a significant improvement in clinical scores during the final follow-up as compared to the preoperative value (p < 0.05). The only differences between the two groups were observed with respect to the pivot shift test during each follow-up, wherein more patients from group I reported a pivot shift test grade I as compared to group II (p < 0.05). Three patients from group I reported a re-rupture of the operated knee, whereas no patients from group II reported new ruptures (p = 0.041).Conclusions: Combined ACL and ALL reconstruction has proven to be more effective in obtaining a high grade of rotational knee stability during mid-term follow-up as compared to isolated ACL reconstruction along with a significantly lower rate of re-ruptures.

Superior rotational stability and lower re-ruptures rate after combined anterolateral and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction compared to isolated anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a 2-year prospective randomized clinical trial / Ș. Mogos, D. Antonescu, I. Stoica, R. D'Ambrosi. - In: THE PHYSICIAN AND SPORTSMEDICINE. - ISSN 0091-3847. - (2022), pp. 1-8. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1080/00913847.2022.2112914]

Superior rotational stability and lower re-ruptures rate after combined anterolateral and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction compared to isolated anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a 2-year prospective randomized clinical trial

R. D'Ambrosi
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the current prospective randomized clinical trial (RCT) was to compare the clinical outcomes of combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction with those of isolated ACL reconstruction and evaluate the re-rupture rate between the two study groups.Methods: This prospective RCT included 58 patients (43 men and 15 women) who underwent ACL reconstruction, either isolated (Group I: 26 patients) or combined with the ALL reconstruction (Group II: 32 patients). Preoperatively, the two groups differed in age and rate of medial meniscal injuries. The patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively during the time points corresponding to 6 (T-1) weeks, 12 (T-2) weeks, 6 (T-3) months, 12 (T-4) months, and 24 (T-5) months. The evaluation included the clinical examination (comprising Lachman test, Pivot Shift test, Range of Motion, and Rolimeter differential anterior laxity), the objective clinical score (Objective IKDC [The International Knee Documentation Committee] score), and the subjective clinical scores (comprising Subjective IKDC score, Lysholm score, and Tegner activity score). The postoperative complications of all the patients were recorded.Results: Both the groups reported a significant improvement in clinical scores during the final follow-up as compared to the preoperative value (p < 0.05). The only differences between the two groups were observed with respect to the pivot shift test during each follow-up, wherein more patients from group I reported a pivot shift test grade I as compared to group II (p < 0.05). Three patients from group I reported a re-rupture of the operated knee, whereas no patients from group II reported new ruptures (p = 0.041).Conclusions: Combined ACL and ALL reconstruction has proven to be more effective in obtaining a high grade of rotational knee stability during mid-term follow-up as compared to isolated ACL reconstruction along with a significantly lower rate of re-ruptures.
ACL reconstruction; anterolateral ligament reconstruction; combined ACL and ALL; lateral extra-articular procedures; randomized clinical trial
Settore MED/33 - Malattie Apparato Locomotore
2022
18-ago-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/946763
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