Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) primarily affects old patients. Old age is a predictor of mortality. Nintedanib, the only antifibrotic drug approved in Italy for patients aged >80 years, can slow the progression of IPF by reducing the rate of decline in forced vital capacity (FVC) and the risk of exacerbations. Objectives: The primary aim of the study was to compare the decline of FVC after 12 months of nintedanib in patients aged >80 years versus younger patients. Differences related to other functional data, safety, tolerability, hospitalizations, exacerbations, and mortality were evaluated. Methods: An observational, retrospective, multicenter study was carried out in Italy. Results: 159 (122 [76.7%] males) patients were recruited: 106 (66.7%) aged ≤80 years and 53 (33.3%) aged >80 years. FVC decline after 12 months of therapy was not significantly different (-45 mL [-170; 75] vs. -20 mL [-138; 110] mL; p: 0.51). No differences were found for other functional data. Diarrhea was the most frequent adverse event (AE). Rate and type of any AEs, permanent/temporary dose reduction, or drug discontinuation were not significantly different between patients aged ≤80 vs. >80 years. Furthermore, acute exacerbations, hospitalization, and mortality were not significantly different. Conclusions: Nintedanib is effective and safe in patients with IPF aged >80 years, and no significant differences were found when clinical outcomes were compared with those of younger patients. Thus, older age should not be a barrier for the early prescription of antifibrotic treatment in IPF patients.

Observational, Multicenter Study on the Efficacy, Tolerability, and Safety of Nintedanib in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Older than 80 Years / M. Mondoni, F. Alfano, F. Varone, G. Muscato, C. Conti, L. Saderi, A. Chiesa, F. DI MARCO, C. Vancheri, L. Richeldi, S. Centanni, G. Sotgiu. - In: RESPIRATION. - ISSN 0025-7931. - 102:1(2023), pp. 25-33. [10.1159/000527308]

Observational, Multicenter Study on the Efficacy, Tolerability, and Safety of Nintedanib in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Older than 80 Years

M. Mondoni
Primo
;
F. Alfano;C. Conti;F. DI MARCO;S. Centanni;
2023

Abstract

Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) primarily affects old patients. Old age is a predictor of mortality. Nintedanib, the only antifibrotic drug approved in Italy for patients aged >80 years, can slow the progression of IPF by reducing the rate of decline in forced vital capacity (FVC) and the risk of exacerbations. Objectives: The primary aim of the study was to compare the decline of FVC after 12 months of nintedanib in patients aged >80 years versus younger patients. Differences related to other functional data, safety, tolerability, hospitalizations, exacerbations, and mortality were evaluated. Methods: An observational, retrospective, multicenter study was carried out in Italy. Results: 159 (122 [76.7%] males) patients were recruited: 106 (66.7%) aged ≤80 years and 53 (33.3%) aged >80 years. FVC decline after 12 months of therapy was not significantly different (-45 mL [-170; 75] vs. -20 mL [-138; 110] mL; p: 0.51). No differences were found for other functional data. Diarrhea was the most frequent adverse event (AE). Rate and type of any AEs, permanent/temporary dose reduction, or drug discontinuation were not significantly different between patients aged ≤80 vs. >80 years. Furthermore, acute exacerbations, hospitalization, and mortality were not significantly different. Conclusions: Nintedanib is effective and safe in patients with IPF aged >80 years, and no significant differences were found when clinical outcomes were compared with those of younger patients. Thus, older age should not be a barrier for the early prescription of antifibrotic treatment in IPF patients.
Antifibrotic therapy; Elderly; Exacerbation; Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; Nintedanib; Safety;
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
nov-2022
https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/527308
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/946761
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