Mild-moderate equine asthma (MEA) is a common respiratory disorder among racehorses, characterized by lower airway inflammation. Although it is generally agreed that MEA causes poor performance, contrasting results have been reported about the effects of tracheal mucus and leukocyte populations of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) on performance. This study aims to investigate the associations between airway inflammation and fitness parameters measured during an incremental treadmill test in Standardbred racehorses. For this purpose, the clinical records of 116 Standardbreds subjected to a diagnostic protocol for poor performance were ret-rospectively reviewed. Parametric and non-parametric statistics was used to evaluate the rela-tions between endoscopic scores, BAL cytological results, and fitness parameters. Moreover, horses were divided into MEA and non-MEA groups, and into neutrophilic-, eosino-philic-mastocytic-, and mixed-MEA groups; fitness parameters were compared between groups. Neutrophils percentages were inversely correlated with the speed at a heart rate of 200 bpm, the speed and the heart rate at a plasma lactate concentration of 4 mmol/L (VLa4 and HRLa4), and the maximal speed, while positively correlated with higher lactate concentrations. Moreover, significant differences were detected between different MEA subtypes concerning VLa4, HRLa4 and lactate concentrations. These results suggest that airway neutrophilic inflammation impairs athletic capacity in Standardbreds.

Impact of lower airway inflammation on fitness parameters in Standardbred racehorses / C.M. LO FEUDO, L. Stucchi, B. Conturba, G. Stancari, F. Ferrucci. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 12:(2022 Nov 21), pp. 3228.1-3228.13. [10.3390/ani12223228]

Impact of lower airway inflammation on fitness parameters in Standardbred racehorses

C.M. LO FEUDO
Primo
;
L. Stucchi
Secondo
;
B. Conturba;G. Stancari
Penultimo
;
F. Ferrucci
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Mild-moderate equine asthma (MEA) is a common respiratory disorder among racehorses, characterized by lower airway inflammation. Although it is generally agreed that MEA causes poor performance, contrasting results have been reported about the effects of tracheal mucus and leukocyte populations of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) on performance. This study aims to investigate the associations between airway inflammation and fitness parameters measured during an incremental treadmill test in Standardbred racehorses. For this purpose, the clinical records of 116 Standardbreds subjected to a diagnostic protocol for poor performance were ret-rospectively reviewed. Parametric and non-parametric statistics was used to evaluate the rela-tions between endoscopic scores, BAL cytological results, and fitness parameters. Moreover, horses were divided into MEA and non-MEA groups, and into neutrophilic-, eosino-philic-mastocytic-, and mixed-MEA groups; fitness parameters were compared between groups. Neutrophils percentages were inversely correlated with the speed at a heart rate of 200 bpm, the speed and the heart rate at a plasma lactate concentration of 4 mmol/L (VLa4 and HRLa4), and the maximal speed, while positively correlated with higher lactate concentrations. Moreover, significant differences were detected between different MEA subtypes concerning VLa4, HRLa4 and lactate concentrations. These results suggest that airway neutrophilic inflammation impairs athletic capacity in Standardbreds.
equine asthma; equine respiratory medicine; equine sports medicine; equine performance; tread-mill test; poor performance; aerobic capacity
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/946386
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