Simple Summary Systemic inflammation is associated with an increased aggressiveness of breast cancer and can contribute to a decreased activity of neoadjuvant treatments. Biomarkers of systemic inflammation are easily obtained from routine blood counts and are highly cost-effective, having great potential to steer cancer prognosis in clinical practice. In our study, we tested the hypothesis that high values of these biomarkers might have an effect on the clinical outcomes in a population of patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. The results of our study, together with data from the literature, hint at a possible role of inflammatory markers in the diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm of breast cancer, where specific pre-operative blood cell ratios could be used in combination with biological and clinical factors to tailor adjuvant therapy. Immune inflammatory biomarkers are easily obtained and inexpensive blood-based parameters that recently showed prognostic and predictive value in many solid tumors. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of these biomarkers in predicting distant relapse in breast cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). All breast cancer patients who referred to our Breast Unit and underwent NACT were retrospectively reviewed. The pre-treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and pan-immune-inflammation value (PIV) were calculated from complete blood counts. The primary outcome was 5-year distant-metastasis-free survival (DMFS). In receiver operating characteristic analyses, the optimal cutoff values for the NLR, PLR, MLR, and PIV were determined at 2.25, 152.46, 0.25, and 438.68, respectively. High levels of the MLR, but not the NLR, PLR, or PIV, were associated with improved 5-year DMSF in the study population using both univariate (HR 0.52, p = 0.03) and multivariate analyses (HR, 0.44; p = 0.02). Our study showed that the MLR was a significant independent parameter affecting DMFS in breast cancer patients undergoing NACT. Prospective studies are required to confirm this finding and to define reliable cutoff values, thus leading the way for the clinical application of this biomarker.

Prognostic Potential of Immune Inflammatory Biomarkers in Breast Cancer Patients Treated with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy / M. Truffi, F. Sottotetti, N. Gafni, S. Albasini, F. Piccotti, C. Morasso, V. Tibollo, M. Mocchi, V. Zanella, F. Corsi. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:21(2022 Oct 27), pp. 5287.1-5287.10. [10.3390/cancers14215287]

Prognostic Potential of Immune Inflammatory Biomarkers in Breast Cancer Patients Treated with Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

V. Zanella
Penultimo
;
F. Corsi
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Simple Summary Systemic inflammation is associated with an increased aggressiveness of breast cancer and can contribute to a decreased activity of neoadjuvant treatments. Biomarkers of systemic inflammation are easily obtained from routine blood counts and are highly cost-effective, having great potential to steer cancer prognosis in clinical practice. In our study, we tested the hypothesis that high values of these biomarkers might have an effect on the clinical outcomes in a population of patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. The results of our study, together with data from the literature, hint at a possible role of inflammatory markers in the diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm of breast cancer, where specific pre-operative blood cell ratios could be used in combination with biological and clinical factors to tailor adjuvant therapy. Immune inflammatory biomarkers are easily obtained and inexpensive blood-based parameters that recently showed prognostic and predictive value in many solid tumors. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of these biomarkers in predicting distant relapse in breast cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). All breast cancer patients who referred to our Breast Unit and underwent NACT were retrospectively reviewed. The pre-treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and pan-immune-inflammation value (PIV) were calculated from complete blood counts. The primary outcome was 5-year distant-metastasis-free survival (DMFS). In receiver operating characteristic analyses, the optimal cutoff values for the NLR, PLR, MLR, and PIV were determined at 2.25, 152.46, 0.25, and 438.68, respectively. High levels of the MLR, but not the NLR, PLR, or PIV, were associated with improved 5-year DMSF in the study population using both univariate (HR 0.52, p = 0.03) and multivariate analyses (HR, 0.44; p = 0.02). Our study showed that the MLR was a significant independent parameter affecting DMFS in breast cancer patients undergoing NACT. Prospective studies are required to confirm this finding and to define reliable cutoff values, thus leading the way for the clinical application of this biomarker.
blood count; breast cancer care; inflammatory biomarkers; neoadjuvant chemotherapy; prognostic factors; tailored therapy
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/946377
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