Among the many consequences on production processes, new technologies, including 3D-printing and web-based co-design, provide end-users with increasingly effective means to locally reshape and co-produce products to fit their needs, decentralizing part of the production process. But do firms have an incentive to design goods that are self-customizable or rather to retain centralized production? Is users’ surplus increased when self-customization is an available option? We analyze a duopoly where firms can offer a standard version only, or a menu with two product/price options: a standard and a customizable version. We find that both firms introducing a self-customizable product can be an equilibrium, with an increase in profits, consumers surplus, and welfare. However, there also arise situations where one firm only produces standardized goods. The equilibrium configuration depends upon the cost of self-customization and the distribution of consumers.

Customer-Based Customization and Price Competition / S. Colombo, P.G. Garella. - In: JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS. - ISSN 0022-1821. - (2022). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1111/joie.12305]

Customer-Based Customization and Price Competition

P.G. Garella
2022

Abstract

Among the many consequences on production processes, new technologies, including 3D-printing and web-based co-design, provide end-users with increasingly effective means to locally reshape and co-produce products to fit their needs, decentralizing part of the production process. But do firms have an incentive to design goods that are self-customizable or rather to retain centralized production? Is users’ surplus increased when self-customization is an available option? We analyze a duopoly where firms can offer a standard version only, or a menu with two product/price options: a standard and a customizable version. We find that both firms introducing a self-customizable product can be an equilibrium, with an increase in profits, consumers surplus, and welfare. However, there also arise situations where one firm only produces standardized goods. The equilibrium configuration depends upon the cost of self-customization and the distribution of consumers.
Self-customization; oligopoly pricing; price discrimination; versioning; non-uniform distribution of consumers
Settore SECS-P/01 - Economia Politica
5-dic-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/945912
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