Objective Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs) include heterogeneous mixtures of low-grade cells forming pseudoglandular structures and compact nests of high-grade cells organised in non-glandular patterns. We previously reported that low-grade PDAC cells display high expression of interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), a pivotal transcription factor of the interferon (IFN) system, suggesting grade-specific, cell-intrinsic activation of IFN responses. Here, we set out to determine the molecular bases and the functional impact of the activation of IFN-regulated responses in human PDACs. Design We first confirmed the correlation between glandular differentiation and molecular subtypes of PDAC on the one hand, and the expression of IRF1 and IFN-stimulated genes on the other. We next used unbiased omics approaches to systematically analyse basal and IFN-regulated responses in low-grade and high-grade PDAC cells, as well as the impact of IRF1 on gene expression programmes and metabolic profiles of PDAC cells. Results High-level expression of IRF1 in low-grade PDAC cells was controlled by endodermal lineage-determining transcription factors. IRF1-regulated gene expression equipped low-grade PDAC cells with distinctive properties related to antigen presentation and processing as well as responsiveness to IFN stimulation. Notably, IRF1 also controlled the characteristic metabolic profile of low-grade PDAC cells, suppressing both mitochondrial respiration and fatty acid synthesis, which may in part explain its growth-inhibiting activity. Conclusion IRF1 links endodermal differentiation to the expression of genes controlling antigen presentation and processing as well as to the specification of the metabolic profile characteristic of classical PDAC cells.

Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) controls the metabolic programmes of low-grade pancreatic cancer cells / G. Alfarano, M. Audano, P. Di Chiaro, C. Balestrieri, M. Milan, S. Polletti, P. Spaggiari, A. Zerbi, G.R. Diaferia, N. Mitro, G. Natoli. - In: GUT. - ISSN 0017-5749. - 72:1(2023), pp. gutjnl-2021-325811.1-gutjnl-2021-325811.20. [10.1136/gutjnl-2021-325811]

Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) controls the metabolic programmes of low-grade pancreatic cancer cells

G. Alfarano
Co-primo
;
M. Audano
Co-primo
;
M. Milan;S. Polletti;N. Mitro
Penultimo
;
2023

Abstract

Objective Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs) include heterogeneous mixtures of low-grade cells forming pseudoglandular structures and compact nests of high-grade cells organised in non-glandular patterns. We previously reported that low-grade PDAC cells display high expression of interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), a pivotal transcription factor of the interferon (IFN) system, suggesting grade-specific, cell-intrinsic activation of IFN responses. Here, we set out to determine the molecular bases and the functional impact of the activation of IFN-regulated responses in human PDACs. Design We first confirmed the correlation between glandular differentiation and molecular subtypes of PDAC on the one hand, and the expression of IRF1 and IFN-stimulated genes on the other. We next used unbiased omics approaches to systematically analyse basal and IFN-regulated responses in low-grade and high-grade PDAC cells, as well as the impact of IRF1 on gene expression programmes and metabolic profiles of PDAC cells. Results High-level expression of IRF1 in low-grade PDAC cells was controlled by endodermal lineage-determining transcription factors. IRF1-regulated gene expression equipped low-grade PDAC cells with distinctive properties related to antigen presentation and processing as well as responsiveness to IFN stimulation. Notably, IRF1 also controlled the characteristic metabolic profile of low-grade PDAC cells, suppressing both mitochondrial respiration and fatty acid synthesis, which may in part explain its growth-inhibiting activity. Conclusion IRF1 links endodermal differentiation to the expression of genes controlling antigen presentation and processing as well as to the specification of the metabolic profile characteristic of classical PDAC cells.
energy metabolism; gene expression; interferon; pancreatic cancer
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
   1) Partecipazione a FIU Conference on Applied Mathematics dal 3 al 6 gennaio 2018; 2) Collaborazione scientifica con il professor Ciprian Gal, dal 3 al 10 gennaio 2018 (Florida International University, Miami (USA), 2-10 gennaio 2018)
   ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI ALTA MATEMATICA "FRANCESCO SEVERI" DI ROMA
2023
13-mag-2022
GUT
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/945589
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