The Appinite Suite in NW Italy consists of swarms of amphibole-rich, ultrabasic to acidic dikes emplaced on both sides of the major Cossato-Mergozzo-Brissago Lineament (CMB) separating the Ivrea-Verbano Zone (IVZ) and the overlying Serie dei Laghi domain (SdL), commonly attibuted to the deep and middle crust, respectively. Our study involved macro- to microtextural and petrographic characterization of dikes and host rocks (kinzigites, amphibolites and sillimanite-bearing micaschists), followed by mineral chemistry, thermobarometric estimates and C-O isotope analyses. Hornblendite and gabbro dikes display the most complex assemblages and textures, with pargasite-rich chilled margins often enclosing wide pegmatoidal cores with evidence of polyphasic crystallization. Zoned amphibole oikocrysts show wide brown pargasite cores made turbid by ilmenite microinclusions and Fe sulfide droplets and mottled by round pyroxene and anorthite remnants. The green amphibole in the oikocryst coronas and in the plagioclase-rich matrix are intergrown with titanite and calcite. Gabbro-diorite dikes are biotite-rich. Moderate deformation, often localized along chilled margins, caused foliation marked by biotite and green amphibole. Thermobarometric estimates on the complex appinite assemblages suggest a crystallizing path evolving from ~ 10 kbar (30-35 km) down to 6-3 kbar (10-20 km). Basement rocks recorded prograde paths, from greenschist- to amphibolite-facies with progressive T and P increase to the development of deformation related to CMB shearing. This prograde path is associated with the development of a pervasive foliation, marked by sillimanite and HT-biotite in metapelites wrapping appinite bodies. This event and the final P-T stage recorded in appinite dikes are coincident. Hence, the appinite emplacement might have been coeval with or controlled by the activation of the CMB Lineament, tentatively dated to Permian. However, a pervasive foliation observed in a porphyritic gabbro dike is marked by a peculiar green amphibole-anorthite-quartz-titanite assemblage, interpreted as caused by HT shearing in presence of supercritical brines. Such foliation might be caused by movements along the CMB after the appinite emplacement, hence titanite might provide valuable geochronological data. Our structural and petrological data confirm the current model for IVZ appinites by emplacement of mantle-derived magma, variably contaminated by crustal, anatectic melts, while ascending along deep crustal shear zones like CMB (Mulch et al., 2002). However, our study highlighted both the textural and mineralogical complexity of appinites and their enrichments in magmatic volatiles, including CO2 and S. In particular, C-O isotope compositions of magmatic calcite in hornblendites show mantle-affine signatures concordant with those from the volatile-rich ultramafic pipes and intrusions marking the final magmatic events in the IVZ (Blanks et al., 2020; Chong et al., 2021).

Structural and geochemical revaluation of appinite dikes along the Cossato-Mergozzo-Brissago Lineament, Ivrea-Verbano Zone, NW Italy / M. Zucali, M. Moroni, M. Tiepolo, J. Masoch, G. Romanelli, E.S. Ferrari - In: Geosciences for a sustainable future : Abstract Book[s.l] : Società Geologica Italiana, 2022 Sep. - pp. 377-377 (( convegno SGI-SIMP tenutosi a Torino nel 2022.

Structural and geochemical revaluation of appinite dikes along the Cossato-Mergozzo-Brissago Lineament, Ivrea-Verbano Zone, NW Italy

M. Zucali
Primo
;
M. Moroni
Secondo
;
M. Tiepolo;E.S. Ferrari
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The Appinite Suite in NW Italy consists of swarms of amphibole-rich, ultrabasic to acidic dikes emplaced on both sides of the major Cossato-Mergozzo-Brissago Lineament (CMB) separating the Ivrea-Verbano Zone (IVZ) and the overlying Serie dei Laghi domain (SdL), commonly attibuted to the deep and middle crust, respectively. Our study involved macro- to microtextural and petrographic characterization of dikes and host rocks (kinzigites, amphibolites and sillimanite-bearing micaschists), followed by mineral chemistry, thermobarometric estimates and C-O isotope analyses. Hornblendite and gabbro dikes display the most complex assemblages and textures, with pargasite-rich chilled margins often enclosing wide pegmatoidal cores with evidence of polyphasic crystallization. Zoned amphibole oikocrysts show wide brown pargasite cores made turbid by ilmenite microinclusions and Fe sulfide droplets and mottled by round pyroxene and anorthite remnants. The green amphibole in the oikocryst coronas and in the plagioclase-rich matrix are intergrown with titanite and calcite. Gabbro-diorite dikes are biotite-rich. Moderate deformation, often localized along chilled margins, caused foliation marked by biotite and green amphibole. Thermobarometric estimates on the complex appinite assemblages suggest a crystallizing path evolving from ~ 10 kbar (30-35 km) down to 6-3 kbar (10-20 km). Basement rocks recorded prograde paths, from greenschist- to amphibolite-facies with progressive T and P increase to the development of deformation related to CMB shearing. This prograde path is associated with the development of a pervasive foliation, marked by sillimanite and HT-biotite in metapelites wrapping appinite bodies. This event and the final P-T stage recorded in appinite dikes are coincident. Hence, the appinite emplacement might have been coeval with or controlled by the activation of the CMB Lineament, tentatively dated to Permian. However, a pervasive foliation observed in a porphyritic gabbro dike is marked by a peculiar green amphibole-anorthite-quartz-titanite assemblage, interpreted as caused by HT shearing in presence of supercritical brines. Such foliation might be caused by movements along the CMB after the appinite emplacement, hence titanite might provide valuable geochronological data. Our structural and petrological data confirm the current model for IVZ appinites by emplacement of mantle-derived magma, variably contaminated by crustal, anatectic melts, while ascending along deep crustal shear zones like CMB (Mulch et al., 2002). However, our study highlighted both the textural and mineralogical complexity of appinites and their enrichments in magmatic volatiles, including CO2 and S. In particular, C-O isotope compositions of magmatic calcite in hornblendites show mantle-affine signatures concordant with those from the volatile-rich ultramafic pipes and intrusions marking the final magmatic events in the IVZ (Blanks et al., 2020; Chong et al., 2021).
appinite; geochemistry; microstructures; Permian
Settore GEO/03 - Geologia Strutturale
Settore GEO/08 - Geochimica e Vulcanologia
https://www.socgeol.it/files/download/pubblicazioni/Abstract Book/Abstract Congresso SGI-SIMP 2022_def.pdf
Book Part (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Zucali et al-Appinites IVZ-SGI-SIMP-Torino 2022-377.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 228.93 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
228.93 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/945237
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact