We present a mathematical description of amorphous solid deformation and plasticity by extending the concept of instantaneous normal modes (INMs) to deformed systems, which allows us to retain the effect of strain on the vibrational density of states (VDOS). Starting from the nonaffine lattice dynamics (NALD) description of elasticity and viscoelasticity of glasses, we formulate the linear response theory up to large deformations by considering the strain-dependent tangent modulus at finite values of shear strain. The (nonaffine) tangent shear modulus is computed from the VDOS of affinely strained configurations at varying strain values. The affine strain, found analytically on the static (undeformed) snapshot of the glass, leads to configurations that are rich with soft low-energy modes as well as unstable modes (negative eigenvalues) that are otherwise completely ???washed out??? and lost if one lets the system fully relax after strain. This procedure is consistent with the structure of NALD. The INM spectrum of deformed states allows for the analytical prediction of the stress-strain curve of a model glass. Good parameter-free quantitative agreement is shown between the prediction and simulations of athermal quasistatic shear of a coarse-grained polymer glass.

Predicting plasticity of amorphous solids from instantaneous normal modes / I. Kriuchevskyi, T.W. Sirk, A. Zaccone. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. E. - ISSN 2470-0045. - 105:5-2(2022 May 31), pp. 055004.055004-1-055004.055004-6. [10.1103/PhysRevE.105.055004]

Predicting plasticity of amorphous solids from instantaneous normal modes

I. Kriuchevskyi
Primo
;
A. Zaccone
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

We present a mathematical description of amorphous solid deformation and plasticity by extending the concept of instantaneous normal modes (INMs) to deformed systems, which allows us to retain the effect of strain on the vibrational density of states (VDOS). Starting from the nonaffine lattice dynamics (NALD) description of elasticity and viscoelasticity of glasses, we formulate the linear response theory up to large deformations by considering the strain-dependent tangent modulus at finite values of shear strain. The (nonaffine) tangent shear modulus is computed from the VDOS of affinely strained configurations at varying strain values. The affine strain, found analytically on the static (undeformed) snapshot of the glass, leads to configurations that are rich with soft low-energy modes as well as unstable modes (negative eigenvalues) that are otherwise completely ???washed out??? and lost if one lets the system fully relax after strain. This procedure is consistent with the structure of NALD. The INM spectrum of deformed states allows for the analytical prediction of the stress-strain curve of a model glass. Good parameter-free quantitative agreement is shown between the prediction and simulations of athermal quasistatic shear of a coarse-grained polymer glass.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli e Metodi Matematici
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/944634
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