A description of the vibrational properties of amorphous ice confined in graphene oxide membranes, as an exemplary nanoconfined material, is presented. Inelastic neutron scattering experiments and molecular dynamics simulations show anomalous deviations from standard bulk behavior.The vibrational properties of crystalline bulk materials are well described by Debye theory, which successfully predicts the quadratic omega(2) low-frequency scaling of the vibrational density of states. However, the analogous framework for nanoconfined materials with fewer degrees of freedom has been far less well explored. Using inelastic neutron scattering, we characterize the vibrational density of states of amorphous ice confined inside graphene oxide membranes and we observe a crossover from the Debye omega(2) scaling to an anomalous omega(3) behaviour upon reducing the confinement size L. Additionally, using molecular dynamics simulations, we confirm the experimental findings and prove that such a scaling appears in both crystalline and amorphous solids under slab-confinement. We theoretically demonstrate that this low-frequency omega(3) law results from the geometric constraints on the momentum phase space induced by confinement along one spatial direction. Finally, we predict that the Debye scaling reappears at a characteristic frequency omega(x) = vL/2 pi, with v the speed of sound of the material, and we confirm this quantitative estimate with simulations.

The ω3 scaling of the vibrational density of states in quasi-2D nanoconfined solids / Y. Yu, C. Yang, M. Baggioli, A.E. Phillips, A. Zaccone, L. Zhang, R. Kajimoto, M. Nakamura, D. Yu, L. Hong. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 13:1(2022 Jun 25), pp. 3649.1-3649.10. [10.1038/s41467-022-31349-6]

The ω3 scaling of the vibrational density of states in quasi-2D nanoconfined solids

A. Zaccone;
2022

Abstract

A description of the vibrational properties of amorphous ice confined in graphene oxide membranes, as an exemplary nanoconfined material, is presented. Inelastic neutron scattering experiments and molecular dynamics simulations show anomalous deviations from standard bulk behavior.The vibrational properties of crystalline bulk materials are well described by Debye theory, which successfully predicts the quadratic omega(2) low-frequency scaling of the vibrational density of states. However, the analogous framework for nanoconfined materials with fewer degrees of freedom has been far less well explored. Using inelastic neutron scattering, we characterize the vibrational density of states of amorphous ice confined inside graphene oxide membranes and we observe a crossover from the Debye omega(2) scaling to an anomalous omega(3) behaviour upon reducing the confinement size L. Additionally, using molecular dynamics simulations, we confirm the experimental findings and prove that such a scaling appears in both crystalline and amorphous solids under slab-confinement. We theoretically demonstrate that this low-frequency omega(3) law results from the geometric constraints on the momentum phase space induced by confinement along one spatial direction. Finally, we predict that the Debye scaling reappears at a characteristic frequency omega(x) = vL/2 pi, with v the speed of sound of the material, and we confirm this quantitative estimate with simulations.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli e Metodi Matematici
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/944478
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