Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Bipolar Disorder Depression (BDD) are common psychiatric illnesses characterized by structural and functional brain alterations and signs of neuroinflammation. In line with the neuroinflammatory pathogenesis of depressive syndromes (1), recent studies have demonstrated how white matter (WM) microstructural impairments detected by Diffusion Tensor Imaging, are correlated to peripheral immunomarkers in depressed patients. In this context, we performed a comprehensive systematic search on PubMed, Medline and Scopus of the original studies published till June 2022, exploring the association between immunomarkers and WM alteration patterns in patients affected by MDD or BDD. Overall, the studies included in this review showed a consistent association between blood proinflammatory and counter-regulatory immunomarkers, including regulatory T cells and natural killer cells markers, and measures of demyelination and dysmyelination in both MDD and BDD patients. These pathogenetic insights could outline an integrated clinical perspective to affective disorders, helping psychiatrists to develop novel biotype-to-phenotype models of depression and opening the way to tailored approaches in treatments.

Association between Diffusion Tensor Imaging, inflammation and immunological alterations in unipolar and bipolar depression: a review / R. Aronica, P. Enrico, L. Squarcina, P. Brambilla, G. Delvecchio. - In: NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS. - ISSN 0149-7634. - 143:(2022), pp. 104922.1-104922.16. [10.1016/j.neubiorev.2022.104922]

Association between Diffusion Tensor Imaging, inflammation and immunological alterations in unipolar and bipolar depression: a review

R. Aronica
Primo
;
P. Enrico
Secondo
;
L. Squarcina;P. Brambilla
Penultimo
;
G. Delvecchio
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Bipolar Disorder Depression (BDD) are common psychiatric illnesses characterized by structural and functional brain alterations and signs of neuroinflammation. In line with the neuroinflammatory pathogenesis of depressive syndromes (1), recent studies have demonstrated how white matter (WM) microstructural impairments detected by Diffusion Tensor Imaging, are correlated to peripheral immunomarkers in depressed patients. In this context, we performed a comprehensive systematic search on PubMed, Medline and Scopus of the original studies published till June 2022, exploring the association between immunomarkers and WM alteration patterns in patients affected by MDD or BDD. Overall, the studies included in this review showed a consistent association between blood proinflammatory and counter-regulatory immunomarkers, including regulatory T cells and natural killer cells markers, and measures of demyelination and dysmyelination in both MDD and BDD patients. These pathogenetic insights could outline an integrated clinical perspective to affective disorders, helping psychiatrists to develop novel biotype-to-phenotype models of depression and opening the way to tailored approaches in treatments.
BDD; DTI; MDD; bipolar depression; demyelination; diffusion tensor imaging; immunomarkers; major depressive disorder; neuroinflammation; white matter
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/944193
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