Amalgamating evidence from heterogeneous sources and across levels of inquiry is becoming increasingly important in many pure and applied sciences. This special issue provides a forum for researchers from diverse scientific and philosophical perspectives to discuss evidence amalgamation, its methodologies, its history, its pitfalls, and its potential. We situate the contributions therein within six themes from the broad literature on this subject: the variety-of-evidence thesis, the philosophy of meta-analysis, the role of robustness/sensitivity analysis for evidence amalgamation, its bearing on questions of extrapolation and external validity of experiments, its connection with theory development, and its interface with causal inference, especially regarding causal theories of cancer.

Evidence amalgamation in the sciences: an introduction / S.C. Fletcher, J. Landes, R. Poellinger. - In: SYNTHESE. - ISSN 0039-7857. - 196:8(2019 Aug 15), pp. 3163-3188. [10.1007/s11229-018-1840-6]

Evidence amalgamation in the sciences: an introduction

J. Landes;
2019

Abstract

Amalgamating evidence from heterogeneous sources and across levels of inquiry is becoming increasingly important in many pure and applied sciences. This special issue provides a forum for researchers from diverse scientific and philosophical perspectives to discuss evidence amalgamation, its methodologies, its history, its pitfalls, and its potential. We situate the contributions therein within six themes from the broad literature on this subject: the variety-of-evidence thesis, the philosophy of meta-analysis, the role of robustness/sensitivity analysis for evidence amalgamation, its bearing on questions of extrapolation and external validity of experiments, its connection with theory development, and its interface with causal inference, especially regarding causal theories of cancer.
Variety-of-evidence thesis; Meta-analysis; Sensitivity analysis; Extrapolation; External validity; Theory development; Causal inference; Causal theories of cancer
Settore M-FIL/02 - Logica e Filosofia della Scienza
23-giu-2018
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/943949
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