Background The aim of this study was to investigate whether switching from a ritonavir-boosted PI-based regimen to a dolutegravir-based regimen improved the atherogenic properties of LDL particles in patients with HIV. Methods This was a substudy of the NEAT022 study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02098837). Adults with HIV with a Framingham score >10% or aged >50 years and being treated with a stable boosted PI-based regimen were randomized to either switch to dolutegravir or continue with boosted PI. At baseline and Week 48, we assessed atherogenic LDL properties: LDL particle size and phenotype (A, intermediate, B), oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity. Results Eighty-six participants (dolutegravir 44; PI 42) were included. Participants had a median (IQR) age of 54 (51-57) years and 79.1% were male. In the dolutegravir arm, after 48 weeks, we observed: (1) an increase in LDL size [median 1.65 angstrom (IQR -0.60 to 4.20); P = 0.007], correlated with the decrease in triglyceride concentration [Spearman correlation = -0.352 (P = 0.001)], with a corresponding decrease of subjects with atherogenic LDL phenotype B (36.4% to 20.5%; P = 0.039); (2) a decrease in Lp-PLA2 activity [median 1.39 mu mol/min/mL (IQR -2.3 to 0.54); P = 0.002]; and (3) a decrease in ox-LDL [median 14 U/L (IQR -102 to 13); P = 0.006]. In the PI arm, none of these favourable lipid modifications was observed. Conclusions Forty-eight weeks after switching from a PI-based to a dolutegravir-based regimen, patients with Framingham score >10% or aged >50 years showed improvement of several atherogenic lipid features, including LDL particle phenotype, ox-LDL and Lp-PLA2.

Atherogenicity of low-density lipoproteins after switching from a protease inhibitor to dolutegravir: a substudy of the NEAT022 study / M. Saumoy, J. Sánchez-Quesada, L. Assoumou, J. Gatell, A. González-Cordón, G. Guaraldi, P. Domingo, A. Giacomelli, J. Connault, C. Katlama, M. Masiá, J. Ordónez-Llanos, A. Pozniak, E. Martínez, D. Podzamczer. - In: JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 0305-7453. - 77:7(2022), pp. 1980-1988. [10.1093/jac/dkac117]

Atherogenicity of low-density lipoproteins after switching from a protease inhibitor to dolutegravir: a substudy of the NEAT022 study

A. Giacomelli;
2022

Abstract

Background The aim of this study was to investigate whether switching from a ritonavir-boosted PI-based regimen to a dolutegravir-based regimen improved the atherogenic properties of LDL particles in patients with HIV. Methods This was a substudy of the NEAT022 study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02098837). Adults with HIV with a Framingham score >10% or aged >50 years and being treated with a stable boosted PI-based regimen were randomized to either switch to dolutegravir or continue with boosted PI. At baseline and Week 48, we assessed atherogenic LDL properties: LDL particle size and phenotype (A, intermediate, B), oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity. Results Eighty-six participants (dolutegravir 44; PI 42) were included. Participants had a median (IQR) age of 54 (51-57) years and 79.1% were male. In the dolutegravir arm, after 48 weeks, we observed: (1) an increase in LDL size [median 1.65 angstrom (IQR -0.60 to 4.20); P = 0.007], correlated with the decrease in triglyceride concentration [Spearman correlation = -0.352 (P = 0.001)], with a corresponding decrease of subjects with atherogenic LDL phenotype B (36.4% to 20.5%; P = 0.039); (2) a decrease in Lp-PLA2 activity [median 1.39 mu mol/min/mL (IQR -2.3 to 0.54); P = 0.002]; and (3) a decrease in ox-LDL [median 14 U/L (IQR -102 to 13); P = 0.006]. In the PI arm, none of these favourable lipid modifications was observed. Conclusions Forty-eight weeks after switching from a PI-based to a dolutegravir-based regimen, patients with Framingham score >10% or aged >50 years showed improvement of several atherogenic lipid features, including LDL particle phenotype, ox-LDL and Lp-PLA2.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/943435
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