The paper takes into account some cases of ‘suffix alternation’ in Ancient Greek, i.e., the coexistence of synonymous or nearly synonymous complex words that share the same formation pattern but have a different suffix. The analysis, carried out considering examples of both derivatives and compound words, shows that, in the case of derivatives, one of the main factors which give rise to this particular kind of variation is the desire to give the same morphological shape to words which were felt by the speakers to belong to the same ‘micro-paradigm’ (mostly semantically defined) within the lexicon. In the case of compounds, suffix alternation is linked either to an increase in the transparency of the compound’s morphosemantic structure or to the extension of the scope of a given suffix to other lexical categories.

Variation with Synonymous Suffixes between Derivation and Compounding in Ancient Greek / F. Dede', M.M. Cardella (BRILL'S STUDIES IN HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS). - In: Variation, Contact, and Reconstruction in the Ancient Indo-European Languages. Between Linguistics and Philology / [a cura di] D. Romagno, F. Rovai, M. Bianconi, M. Capano. - Prima edizione. - Leiden - Boston : Brill, 2022 May 20. - ISBN 9789004508873. - pp. 274-289 [10.1163/9789004508873_012]

Variation with Synonymous Suffixes between Derivation and Compounding in Ancient Greek

F. Dede'
Primo
;
M.M. Cardella
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The paper takes into account some cases of ‘suffix alternation’ in Ancient Greek, i.e., the coexistence of synonymous or nearly synonymous complex words that share the same formation pattern but have a different suffix. The analysis, carried out considering examples of both derivatives and compound words, shows that, in the case of derivatives, one of the main factors which give rise to this particular kind of variation is the desire to give the same morphological shape to words which were felt by the speakers to belong to the same ‘micro-paradigm’ (mostly semantically defined) within the lexicon. In the case of compounds, suffix alternation is linked either to an increase in the transparency of the compound’s morphosemantic structure or to the extension of the scope of a given suffix to other lexical categories.
Morphology; Word-Formation; Derivation; Compounding; Ancient Greek;
Settore L-LIN/01 - Glottologia e Linguistica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/940720
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