In the production of gridded population maps, remotely sensed, human settlement datasets rank among the most important geographical factors to estimate population densities and distributions at regional and global scales. Within this context, the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) has developed a new suite of global layers, which accurately describe the built-up environment and its characteristics at high spatial resolution: (i) the World Settlement Footprint 2015 layer (WSF-2015), a binary settlement mask; and (ii) the experimental World Settlement Footprint Density 2015 layer (WSF-2015-Density), representing the percentage of impervious surface. This research systematically compares the effectiveness of both layers for producing population distribution maps through a dasymetric mapping approach in nine low-, middle-, and highly urbanised countries. Results indicate that the WSF-2015-Density layer can produce population distribution maps with higher qualitative and quantitative accuracies in comparison to the already established binary approach, especially in those countries where a good percentage of building structures have been identified within the rural areas. Moreover, our results suggest that population distribution accuracies could substantially improve through the dynamic preselection of the input layers and the correct parameterisation of the Settlement Size Complexity (SSC) index.

New Perspectives for Mapping Global Population Distribution Using World Settlement Footprint Products / D. Palacios-Lopez, F. Bachofer, T. Esch, W. Heldens, A. Hirner, M. Marconcini, A. Sorichetta, J. Zeidler, C. Kuenzer, S. Dech, A.J. Tatem, P. Reinartz. - In: SUSTAINABILITY. - ISSN 2071-1050. - 11:21(2019 Nov 01), pp. 6056.1-6056.24. [10.3390/su11216056]

New Perspectives for Mapping Global Population Distribution Using World Settlement Footprint Products

A. Sorichetta
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2019

Abstract

In the production of gridded population maps, remotely sensed, human settlement datasets rank among the most important geographical factors to estimate population densities and distributions at regional and global scales. Within this context, the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) has developed a new suite of global layers, which accurately describe the built-up environment and its characteristics at high spatial resolution: (i) the World Settlement Footprint 2015 layer (WSF-2015), a binary settlement mask; and (ii) the experimental World Settlement Footprint Density 2015 layer (WSF-2015-Density), representing the percentage of impervious surface. This research systematically compares the effectiveness of both layers for producing population distribution maps through a dasymetric mapping approach in nine low-, middle-, and highly urbanised countries. Results indicate that the WSF-2015-Density layer can produce population distribution maps with higher qualitative and quantitative accuracies in comparison to the already established binary approach, especially in those countries where a good percentage of building structures have been identified within the rural areas. Moreover, our results suggest that population distribution accuracies could substantially improve through the dynamic preselection of the input layers and the correct parameterisation of the Settlement Size Complexity (SSC) index.
global population distribution mapping; World Settlement Footprint; percent impervious surface; dasymetric mapping; Settlement Size Complexity Index
Settore GEO/05 - Geologia Applicata
Settore M-GGR/01 - Geografia
Settore SECS-S/04 - Demografia
31-ott-2019
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/21/6056/htm
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/940535
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