The beneficiation process of sulfide ores has the inevitable consequence of generating huge amounts of tailings highly enriched in sulfur, thus inducing acid mine drainage (AMD) and the release of potentially toxic elements. The aim of the work was to define the most suitable procedures for buffering acid drainage waters through the addition of commercial CaCO3 paste, provided by UNICALCE. High- and low-pyrite tailing samples were collected at the copper enrichment plant of Fushe Arrez (Northern Albania copper mining district). They were used for leaching and buffering tests, whose leachates and precipitation products were characterized by ICP-MS, chromatographic, XRD and TEM analyses. In addition, a geochemical model was developed in order to predict the pH trend of the leachate as a function of the addition of CaCO3. The results show the good buffering capacity of CaCO3, accurately predicted by the geochemical model. A drastic reduction in metals in the solution can be easily attained for low-pyrite samples, whereas high amounts of buffering agent are required to reach similar metals concentration reduction in high-pyrite. Precipitates are dominated by oxyhidroxides, followed by sulfates and hydrosilicates, but TEM showed also the presence of nanocrystalline and amorphous phases.

Buffering copper tailings acid mine drainage : modeling and testing at Fushë Arrëz flotation plant, Albania / G. Cocomazzi, G. Grieco, A. Sinojmeri, A. Cavallo, M. Bussolesi, E.S. Ferrari, E. Destefanis. - In: WATER. - ISSN 2073-4441. - 14:15(2022 Aug 02), pp. 2398.1-2398.23. [10.3390/w14152398]

Buffering copper tailings acid mine drainage : modeling and testing at Fushë Arrëz flotation plant, Albania

G. Cocomazzi
Primo
;
G. Grieco
;
M. Bussolesi;E.S. Ferrari
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

The beneficiation process of sulfide ores has the inevitable consequence of generating huge amounts of tailings highly enriched in sulfur, thus inducing acid mine drainage (AMD) and the release of potentially toxic elements. The aim of the work was to define the most suitable procedures for buffering acid drainage waters through the addition of commercial CaCO3 paste, provided by UNICALCE. High- and low-pyrite tailing samples were collected at the copper enrichment plant of Fushe Arrez (Northern Albania copper mining district). They were used for leaching and buffering tests, whose leachates and precipitation products were characterized by ICP-MS, chromatographic, XRD and TEM analyses. In addition, a geochemical model was developed in order to predict the pH trend of the leachate as a function of the addition of CaCO3. The results show the good buffering capacity of CaCO3, accurately predicted by the geochemical model. A drastic reduction in metals in the solution can be easily attained for low-pyrite samples, whereas high amounts of buffering agent are required to reach similar metals concentration reduction in high-pyrite. Precipitates are dominated by oxyhidroxides, followed by sulfates and hydrosilicates, but TEM showed also the presence of nanocrystalline and amorphous phases.
geochemical modeling; acid drainage; buffering; metal precipitation
Settore GEO/09 - Georisorse Miner.Appl.Mineral.-Petrogr.per l'amb.e i Beni Cul
Settore GEO/08 - Geochimica e Vulcanologia
PRIN201719GGATT_01 - Mineral Reactivity in Large-scale Processes (MiReLaP) - GATTA, GIACOMO DIEGO - PRIN2017 - PRIN bando 2017 - 2019
DECC18MGIUD_01 - Dipartimenti di Eccellenza 2018-2022 - Dipartimento di SCIENZE DELLA TERRA "ARDITO DESIO" - GIUDICI, MAURO - DECC - Bando Dipartimenti di Eccellenza - 2018
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
water-14-02398-v2.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 7.35 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
7.35 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/940367
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact