We address decoherence and classicalization of continuous-time quantum walks (CTQWs) on graphs. In particular, we investigate three different models of decoherence and employ the quantum-classical (QC) dynamical distance as a figure of merit to assess whether, and to which extent, decoherence classicalizes the CTQW, i.e. turns it into the analogue classical process. We show that the dynamics arising from intrinsic decoherence, i.e. dephasing in the energy basis, do not fully classicalize the walker and partially preserves quantum features. On the other hand, dephasing in the position basis, as described by the Haken-Strobl master equation or by the quantum stochastic walk (QSW) model, asymptotically destroys the quantumness of the walker, making it equivalent to a classical random walk. We also investigate how fast is the classicalization process and observe a larger rate of convergence of the QC-distance to its asymptotic value for intrinsic decoherence and the QSW models, whereas in the Haken-Strobl scenario, larger values of the decoherence rate induce localization of the walker.

Decoherence and classicalization of continuous-time quantum walks on graphs / G. Bressanini, C. Benedetti, M. Paris. - In: QUANTUM INFORMATION PROCESSING. - ISSN 1570-0755. - 21:9(2022 Sep 17), pp. 317.1-317.16. [10.1007/s11128-022-03647-x]

Decoherence and classicalization of continuous-time quantum walks on graphs

C. Benedetti
Penultimo
;
M. Paris
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

We address decoherence and classicalization of continuous-time quantum walks (CTQWs) on graphs. In particular, we investigate three different models of decoherence and employ the quantum-classical (QC) dynamical distance as a figure of merit to assess whether, and to which extent, decoherence classicalizes the CTQW, i.e. turns it into the analogue classical process. We show that the dynamics arising from intrinsic decoherence, i.e. dephasing in the energy basis, do not fully classicalize the walker and partially preserves quantum features. On the other hand, dephasing in the position basis, as described by the Haken-Strobl master equation or by the quantum stochastic walk (QSW) model, asymptotically destroys the quantumness of the walker, making it equivalent to a classical random walk. We also investigate how fast is the classicalization process and observe a larger rate of convergence of the QC-distance to its asymptotic value for intrinsic decoherence and the QSW models, whereas in the Haken-Strobl scenario, larger values of the decoherence rate induce localization of the walker.
Quantum walks; Decoherence; Master equation; Quantumness;
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/940275
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