Objectives: The exhaled CO2 signal provides guidance during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The Airway opening index (AOI) has been recently used to quantify chest-compression (CC) induced expired CO2 oscillations. We aimed to determine whether levels of intrathoracic pressures developed during CC or parameters related to lung structure may affect AOI.Methods: Secondary analysis of a randomized animal study (n = 12) in a porcine model of cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during ambulance transport. Animals were randomized to 18-min of manual or mechanical CCs. Changes in AOI and right atrial pressure (Delta RAP) were recorded during CCs in animals undergoing manual (n = 6) or mechanical (n = 6) CCs. Lung CT scan and measurement of the respiratory system compliance (Cpl,rs) were performed immediately after return of spontaneous circulation.Results: Animals undergoing mechanical CCs had a lower AOI compared to animals treated with manual CCs (p < 0.001). AOI negatively correlated with the swings of intrathoracic pressure, as measured by the change in Delta RAP (rho- = 0.727, p = 0.007). AOI correlated with the lung density (rho-= 0.818, p = 0.001) and with the Cpl,rs (rho = 0.676, p = 0.016). Animals with cardiopulmonary resuscitation associated lung edema (CRALE) (i.e. mean CT >= -500 HU) showed lower levels of AOI compared to animals without it (29 +/- 12 % versus 50 +/- 16 %, p = 0.025).Conclusions: Animals undergoing mechanical CCs had lower levels of AOI compared to animals undergoing manual CCs. A higher swing of intrathoracic pressure during CC, a denser and a stiffer lung were associated with an impaired CO2 exhalation during CC as observed by a lower AOI.

Impact of lung structure on airway opening index during mechanical versus manual chest compressions in a porcine model of cardiac arrest / E. Rezoagli, A. Magliocca, D.L. Grieco, G. Bellani, G. Ristagno. - In: RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY & NEUROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1569-9048. - 296:(2022 Feb), pp. 103807.1-103807.4. [10.1016/j.resp.2021.103807]

Impact of lung structure on airway opening index during mechanical versus manual chest compressions in a porcine model of cardiac arrest

A. Magliocca;G. Ristagno
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Objectives: The exhaled CO2 signal provides guidance during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The Airway opening index (AOI) has been recently used to quantify chest-compression (CC) induced expired CO2 oscillations. We aimed to determine whether levels of intrathoracic pressures developed during CC or parameters related to lung structure may affect AOI.Methods: Secondary analysis of a randomized animal study (n = 12) in a porcine model of cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during ambulance transport. Animals were randomized to 18-min of manual or mechanical CCs. Changes in AOI and right atrial pressure (Delta RAP) were recorded during CCs in animals undergoing manual (n = 6) or mechanical (n = 6) CCs. Lung CT scan and measurement of the respiratory system compliance (Cpl,rs) were performed immediately after return of spontaneous circulation.Results: Animals undergoing mechanical CCs had a lower AOI compared to animals treated with manual CCs (p < 0.001). AOI negatively correlated with the swings of intrathoracic pressure, as measured by the change in Delta RAP (rho- = 0.727, p = 0.007). AOI correlated with the lung density (rho-= 0.818, p = 0.001) and with the Cpl,rs (rho = 0.676, p = 0.016). Animals with cardiopulmonary resuscitation associated lung edema (CRALE) (i.e. mean CT >= -500 HU) showed lower levels of AOI compared to animals without it (29 +/- 12 % versus 50 +/- 16 %, p = 0.025).Conclusions: Animals undergoing mechanical CCs had lower levels of AOI compared to animals undergoing manual CCs. A higher swing of intrathoracic pressure during CC, a denser and a stiffer lung were associated with an impaired CO2 exhalation during CC as observed by a lower AOI.
airway opening index; carbon dioxide; cardiac arrest; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; chest compression; computed tomography; intrathoracic pressure; animals; disease models, animal; heart arrest; lung; random allocation; respiratory system; swine; thorax; tomography, x-ray computed; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; heart massage
Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia
29-ott-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/939697
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