PurposeThe aim of the current study was to conduct a pooled analysis of studies that have investigated the prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in early-stage triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).MethodsParticipating studies had evaluated the percentage infiltration of stromally located TILs (sTILs) that were quantified in the same manner in patient diagnostic samples of early-stage TNBC treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy with or without taxanes. Cox proportional hazards regression models stratified by trial were used for invasive disease-free survival (iDFS; primary end point), distant disease-free survival (D-DFS), and overall survival (OS), fitting sTILs as a continuous variable adjusted for clinicopathologic factors.ResultsWe collected individual data from 2,148 patients from nine studies. Average age was 50 years (range, 22 to 85 years), and 33% of patients were node negative. The average value of sTILs was 23% (standard deviation, 20%), and 77% of patients had 1% or more sTILs. sTILs were significantly lower with older age (P = .001), larger tumor size (P = .01), more nodal involvement (P = .02), and lower histologic grade (P = .001). A total of 736 iDFS and 548 D-DFS events and 533 deaths were observed. In the multivariable model, sTILs added significant independent prognostic information for all end points (likelihood ratio (2), 48.9 iDFS; P < .001; (2), 55.8 D-DFS; P < .001; (2), 48.5 OS; P < .001). Each 10% increment in sTILs corresponded to an iDFS hazard ratio of 0.87 (95% CI, 0.83 to 0.91) for iDFS, 0.83 (95% CI, 0.79 to 0.88) for D-DFS, and 0.84 (95% CI, 0.79 to 0.89) for OS. In node-negative patients with sTILs 30%, 3-year iDFS was 92% (95% CI, 89% to 98%), D-DFS was 97% (95% CI, 95% to 99%), and OS was 99% (95% CI, 97% to 100%).ConclusionThis pooled data analysis confirms the strong prognostic role of sTILs in early-stage TNBC and excellent survival of patients with high sTILs after adjuvant chemotherapy and supports the integration of sTILs in a clinicopathologic prognostic model for patients with TNBC. This model can be found at www.tilsinbreastcancer.org.

Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Prognosis: A Pooled Individual Patient Analysis of Early-Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancers / S. Loi, D. Drubay, S. Adams, G. Pruneri, P.A. Francis, M. Lacroix-Triki, H. Joensuu, M. Vittoria Dieci, S. Badve, S. Demaria, R. Gray, E. Munzone, J. Lemonnier, C. Sotiriou, M.J. Piccart, P. Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, A. Vingiani, K. Gray, F. Andre, C. Denkert, R. Salgado, S. Michiels. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0732-183X. - 37:7(2019 Mar 01), pp. 559-570. [10.1200/jco.18.01010]

Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Prognosis: A Pooled Individual Patient Analysis of Early-Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancers

G. Pruneri;A. Vingiani;
2019

Abstract

PurposeThe aim of the current study was to conduct a pooled analysis of studies that have investigated the prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in early-stage triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).MethodsParticipating studies had evaluated the percentage infiltration of stromally located TILs (sTILs) that were quantified in the same manner in patient diagnostic samples of early-stage TNBC treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy with or without taxanes. Cox proportional hazards regression models stratified by trial were used for invasive disease-free survival (iDFS; primary end point), distant disease-free survival (D-DFS), and overall survival (OS), fitting sTILs as a continuous variable adjusted for clinicopathologic factors.ResultsWe collected individual data from 2,148 patients from nine studies. Average age was 50 years (range, 22 to 85 years), and 33% of patients were node negative. The average value of sTILs was 23% (standard deviation, 20%), and 77% of patients had 1% or more sTILs. sTILs were significantly lower with older age (P = .001), larger tumor size (P = .01), more nodal involvement (P = .02), and lower histologic grade (P = .001). A total of 736 iDFS and 548 D-DFS events and 533 deaths were observed. In the multivariable model, sTILs added significant independent prognostic information for all end points (likelihood ratio (2), 48.9 iDFS; P < .001; (2), 55.8 D-DFS; P < .001; (2), 48.5 OS; P < .001). Each 10% increment in sTILs corresponded to an iDFS hazard ratio of 0.87 (95% CI, 0.83 to 0.91) for iDFS, 0.83 (95% CI, 0.79 to 0.88) for D-DFS, and 0.84 (95% CI, 0.79 to 0.89) for OS. In node-negative patients with sTILs 30%, 3-year iDFS was 92% (95% CI, 89% to 98%), D-DFS was 97% (95% CI, 95% to 99%), and OS was 99% (95% CI, 97% to 100%).ConclusionThis pooled data analysis confirms the strong prognostic role of sTILs in early-stage TNBC and excellent survival of patients with high sTILs after adjuvant chemotherapy and supports the integration of sTILs in a clinicopathologic prognostic model for patients with TNBC. This model can be found at www.tilsinbreastcancer.org.
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/939399
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