Objectives: This study aimed at testing whether CSF levels of amyloid β42 (Aβ42), Aβ40, total tau, and phosphorylated tau (P-tau181) individually contribute to the identification of atypical phenotypes among a retrospective cohort of probable Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients diagnosed by means of the ratio between Aβ42 and Aβ40 (Aβ42/40). Methods: The retrospective study cohort comprised 50 probable AD patients diagnosed by means of the ratio between Aβ42 and Aβ40 (Aβ42/40) and for whom total tau and P-tau181 values were also available. Patients were clinically classified as typical, amnestic-predominant AD (N = 39; 16 males; mean age: 73.4 ± 7.6 years; mean disease duration: 27.4 ± 24.7 months), or atypical phenotypes (N = 11; 6 males; mean age: 70.2 ± 6.5 years; mean disease duration: 35.5 ± 24.9 months) – i.e., posterior cortical atrophy (N = 4), logopenic-variant primary progressive aphasia (N = 4), and behavioural variant AD (N = 3). A logistic regression allowed predicting the occurrence of atypical versus typical phenotypes based on age, sex, and Aβ42, Aβ40, total tau, and P-tau181 levels. Results: Atypical and typical AD patients were comparable for Aβ42/40 values. Only Aβ40 and P-tau181 levels positively (p = 0.015) and negatively (p = 0.019) predicted the occurrence of atypical AD phenotypes, respectively. Classification precision was of 86%, yielding excellent specificity (94.9%) but poor sensitivity (54.5%). Conclusions: The present study delivers promising, albeit preliminary, evidence on the utility of Aβ40 and P-tau181 CSF biomarkers in differentiating atypical from typical Aβ42/40-confirmed AD phenotypes, prompting further research and confirmation on larger cohorts.

CSF Aβ40 and P-tau181 might differentiate atypical from typical AD phenotypes : preliminary evidence / F. Verde, E.N. Aiello, E.G. Giacopuzzi Grigoli, I. Milone, A. Dubini, A. Ratti, B. Poletti, N. Ticozzi, V. Silani. - In: NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES. - ISSN 1660-2854. - (2022 Sep 15). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1159/000526888]

CSF Aβ40 and P-tau181 might differentiate atypical from typical AD phenotypes : preliminary evidence

F. Verde
Primo
;
E.G. Giacopuzzi Grigoli;A. Ratti;N. Ticozzi
Penultimo
;
V. Silani
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed at testing whether CSF levels of amyloid β42 (Aβ42), Aβ40, total tau, and phosphorylated tau (P-tau181) individually contribute to the identification of atypical phenotypes among a retrospective cohort of probable Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients diagnosed by means of the ratio between Aβ42 and Aβ40 (Aβ42/40). Methods: The retrospective study cohort comprised 50 probable AD patients diagnosed by means of the ratio between Aβ42 and Aβ40 (Aβ42/40) and for whom total tau and P-tau181 values were also available. Patients were clinically classified as typical, amnestic-predominant AD (N = 39; 16 males; mean age: 73.4 ± 7.6 years; mean disease duration: 27.4 ± 24.7 months), or atypical phenotypes (N = 11; 6 males; mean age: 70.2 ± 6.5 years; mean disease duration: 35.5 ± 24.9 months) – i.e., posterior cortical atrophy (N = 4), logopenic-variant primary progressive aphasia (N = 4), and behavioural variant AD (N = 3). A logistic regression allowed predicting the occurrence of atypical versus typical phenotypes based on age, sex, and Aβ42, Aβ40, total tau, and P-tau181 levels. Results: Atypical and typical AD patients were comparable for Aβ42/40 values. Only Aβ40 and P-tau181 levels positively (p = 0.015) and negatively (p = 0.019) predicted the occurrence of atypical AD phenotypes, respectively. Classification precision was of 86%, yielding excellent specificity (94.9%) but poor sensitivity (54.5%). Conclusions: The present study delivers promising, albeit preliminary, evidence on the utility of Aβ40 and P-tau181 CSF biomarkers in differentiating atypical from typical Aβ42/40-confirmed AD phenotypes, prompting further research and confirmation on larger cohorts.
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
15-set-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/938950
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