The cardiovascular benefit of statins is well established. However, only 20% of high-risk patients remain adequately adherent after 5 years of treatment. Among reasons for discontinuation, statin associated-muscle pain symptoms are the most prevalent. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of high dose atorvastatin on skeletal muscle mitochondrial activity, aerobic and anaerobic exercise, and axonal excitability in a murine model of atherosclerosis. ApoE(-/-) mice were fed 12 weeks a high-fat high-cholesterol diet alone or containing atorvastatin (40 mg/Kg/day). Outcomes were the evaluation of muscle mitochondrial functionality, locomotion, grip test, and axonal excitability (compound action potential recording analysis of A alpha motor propioceptive, A beta mechanoceptive and C nociceptive fibres). Atorvastatin led to a reduction in muscle mitochondrial biogenesis and mitochondrial ATP production. It did not affect muscular strength but led to a time-dependent motor impairment. Atorvastatin altered the responsiveness of mechanoceptive and nociceptive fibres, respectively, the A beta and C fibres. These findings point out to a mild sensitization on mechanical, tactile and pain sensitivity. In conclusion, although the prevalence of muscular side effects from statins may be overestimated, understanding of the underlying mechanisms can help improve the therapeutic approach and reassure adherence in patients needing-to-be-treated.

Impact of Atorvastatin on Skeletal Muscle Mitochondrial Activity, Locomotion and Axonal Excitability-Evidence from ApoE-/- Mice / C. Macchi, V. Bonalume, M.F. Greco, M. Mozzo, V. Melfi, C.R. Sirtori, V. Magnaghi, A. Corsini, M. Ruscica. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 23:10(2022), pp. 5415.1-5415.17. [10.3390/ijms23105415]

Impact of Atorvastatin on Skeletal Muscle Mitochondrial Activity, Locomotion and Axonal Excitability-Evidence from ApoE-/- Mice

C. Macchi
Primo
;
V. Bonalume
Secondo
;
M.F. Greco;V. Melfi;C.R. Sirtori;V. Magnaghi;A. Corsini
Penultimo
;
M. Ruscica
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The cardiovascular benefit of statins is well established. However, only 20% of high-risk patients remain adequately adherent after 5 years of treatment. Among reasons for discontinuation, statin associated-muscle pain symptoms are the most prevalent. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of high dose atorvastatin on skeletal muscle mitochondrial activity, aerobic and anaerobic exercise, and axonal excitability in a murine model of atherosclerosis. ApoE(-/-) mice were fed 12 weeks a high-fat high-cholesterol diet alone or containing atorvastatin (40 mg/Kg/day). Outcomes were the evaluation of muscle mitochondrial functionality, locomotion, grip test, and axonal excitability (compound action potential recording analysis of A alpha motor propioceptive, A beta mechanoceptive and C nociceptive fibres). Atorvastatin led to a reduction in muscle mitochondrial biogenesis and mitochondrial ATP production. It did not affect muscular strength but led to a time-dependent motor impairment. Atorvastatin altered the responsiveness of mechanoceptive and nociceptive fibres, respectively, the A beta and C fibres. These findings point out to a mild sensitization on mechanical, tactile and pain sensitivity. In conclusion, although the prevalence of muscular side effects from statins may be overestimated, understanding of the underlying mechanisms can help improve the therapeutic approach and reassure adherence in patients needing-to-be-treated.
atorvastatin; grip test; locomotion; mitochondria; muscles; statins; Animals; Apolipoproteins E; Atorvastatin; Humans; Locomotion; Mice; Muscle, Skeletal; Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors; Muscular Diseases
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/938932
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