We have tested different preparation and photographic methods to define a protocol for UV analysis of fossil specimens. We also have explored its main applications while analysing specimens from different stratigraphic contexts, of different biomineralogical composition, and belonging to different fossil groups (including invertebrates and vertebrates). We have photographed specimens using a camera equipped with appropriate lens and filters both in visible light and with flashlights at two wavelengths: the 365 nm UV light and the 440 nm visible violet spectrum, the latter here tested for the first time. Our results indicate that bleach treatment is not recommended for calcite-shelled brachiopods, while it is suggested for aragonite-shelled molluscs. We show that photography in the ultraviolet and visible violet spectra are useful tools enhancing the recognition of morphological characters and colour patterns and allowing to distinguish soft-bodied fossils from the matrix. Also, it allows to discern specimen areas embedded in the sediment from those exposed to sun- light, which is helpful to reconstruct the conditions experienced by fossils. However, the mineralogy of the biomineral affects UV responses, as morphological characters of calcite shells are better emphasized with the 440 nm wavelength (visible violet spectrum), whereas those of aragonite, bioapatite and phosphatized specimens with the 365 nm (ultraviolet spectrum); also, shell microstructures with their different crystal arrangement and elemental incorporation may cause different reactions, whereas the stratigraphic context affects specimen preservation influencing pigment preservation. We thus provide a protocol for photography in the ultraviolet and visible violet spectra and show that this technique has a high potential in palaeontology, having no limitations for its application in invertebrate or vertebrate specimens

Photography in the ultraviolet and visible violet spectra: Unravelling methods and applications in palaeontology / G. Crippa, S. Masini. - In: ACTA PALAEONTOLOGICA POLONICA. - ISSN 0567-7920. - 67:3(2022), pp. 685-702. [10.4202/app.00948.2021]

Photography in the ultraviolet and visible violet spectra: Unravelling methods and applications in palaeontology

G. Crippa
Primo
;
2022

Abstract

We have tested different preparation and photographic methods to define a protocol for UV analysis of fossil specimens. We also have explored its main applications while analysing specimens from different stratigraphic contexts, of different biomineralogical composition, and belonging to different fossil groups (including invertebrates and vertebrates). We have photographed specimens using a camera equipped with appropriate lens and filters both in visible light and with flashlights at two wavelengths: the 365 nm UV light and the 440 nm visible violet spectrum, the latter here tested for the first time. Our results indicate that bleach treatment is not recommended for calcite-shelled brachiopods, while it is suggested for aragonite-shelled molluscs. We show that photography in the ultraviolet and visible violet spectra are useful tools enhancing the recognition of morphological characters and colour patterns and allowing to distinguish soft-bodied fossils from the matrix. Also, it allows to discern specimen areas embedded in the sediment from those exposed to sun- light, which is helpful to reconstruct the conditions experienced by fossils. However, the mineralogy of the biomineral affects UV responses, as morphological characters of calcite shells are better emphasized with the 440 nm wavelength (visible violet spectrum), whereas those of aragonite, bioapatite and phosphatized specimens with the 365 nm (ultraviolet spectrum); also, shell microstructures with their different crystal arrangement and elemental incorporation may cause different reactions, whereas the stratigraphic context affects specimen preservation influencing pigment preservation. We thus provide a protocol for photography in the ultraviolet and visible violet spectra and show that this technique has a high potential in palaeontology, having no limitations for its application in invertebrate or vertebrate specimens
Biominerals; fossil specimens; shell colour pattern; UV photography; visible violet spectrum
Settore GEO/01 - Paleontologia e Paleoecologia
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
CrippaMasini2022 APP.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 1.22 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.22 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/938191
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact