BACKGROUND: Serum ferritin is considered a suitable biomarker of iron-related disorders. However, data about the comparability of results among commercial measuring systems (MSs) are contradictory. We performed an intercomparison study aimed at verifying the current interassay variability and its impact on clinical application of the test. Obtaining this information is vital because manufacturers continue to claim calibration alignment to different WHO preparations, which are not related to each other in terms of traceability. METHODS: Four widely used MSs were evaluated. The interassay agreement was verified using 39 human serum pools. The recovery of WHO International Standard (IS) 94/572 (the only reference material available at the time of the study) was evaluated, after assessing the material commutability. Finally, an approach for harmonizing ferritin results was proposed. RESULTS: Highly significant differences (P<0.00001) among ferritin concentrations assayed by different MSs were detected and the interassay CV (median 22.9%; interquartile range 21.8–25.5) overlapped the desirable intermethod bias (24.6%). IS 94/572 was commutable for use only with Access and Centaur, with Access being the only MS correctly recovering its assigned value. Accordingly, we used regression data against Access to recalibrate MSs, indirectly aligning them to IS 94/572, with a substantial improvement in degree of harmonization and traceability to higher-order reference. CONCLUSIONS: The harmonization among evaluated ferritin MSs is far from optimal, with the implementation of traceability to different WHO ISs being a factor of confusion. A recalibration approach, however, would permit measurement harmonization, allowing the use of common decision thresholds.

Harmonization Status of Serum Ferritin Measurements and Implications for Use as Marker of Iron-Related Disorders / F. Braga, S. Pasqualetti, E. Frusciante, F. Borrillo, M. Chibireva, M. Panteghini. - In: CLINICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0009-9147. - 68:9(2022), pp. 1202-1210. [10.1093/clinchem/hvac099]

Harmonization Status of Serum Ferritin Measurements and Implications for Use as Marker of Iron-Related Disorders

F. Braga
;
F. Borrillo;M. Chibireva;M. Panteghini
2022

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Serum ferritin is considered a suitable biomarker of iron-related disorders. However, data about the comparability of results among commercial measuring systems (MSs) are contradictory. We performed an intercomparison study aimed at verifying the current interassay variability and its impact on clinical application of the test. Obtaining this information is vital because manufacturers continue to claim calibration alignment to different WHO preparations, which are not related to each other in terms of traceability. METHODS: Four widely used MSs were evaluated. The interassay agreement was verified using 39 human serum pools. The recovery of WHO International Standard (IS) 94/572 (the only reference material available at the time of the study) was evaluated, after assessing the material commutability. Finally, an approach for harmonizing ferritin results was proposed. RESULTS: Highly significant differences (P<0.00001) among ferritin concentrations assayed by different MSs were detected and the interassay CV (median 22.9%; interquartile range 21.8–25.5) overlapped the desirable intermethod bias (24.6%). IS 94/572 was commutable for use only with Access and Centaur, with Access being the only MS correctly recovering its assigned value. Accordingly, we used regression data against Access to recalibrate MSs, indirectly aligning them to IS 94/572, with a substantial improvement in degree of harmonization and traceability to higher-order reference. CONCLUSIONS: The harmonization among evaluated ferritin MSs is far from optimal, with the implementation of traceability to different WHO ISs being a factor of confusion. A recalibration approach, however, would permit measurement harmonization, allowing the use of common decision thresholds.
commutability; decision-making; ferritin; reference material; standardization
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/937371
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