To conduct a systematic review of the currently available literature on the use of ICG to guide surgical dissection in gastrointestinal (GI) cancer surgery. Background: Real-time indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence-guided surgery has the potential to enhance surgical outcomes by increasing patient-tailored oncological precision. Methods: MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were searched for publications on the use of ICG as a contrast agent in GI cancer surgery until December 2020. Perfusion studies were excluded. Quality of the studies was assessed with the Methodological Index for nonrandomized Studies or Jadad scale for randomized controlled trials. A narrative synthesis of the results was provided, with descriptive statistics when appropriate. Results: Seventy-eight studies were included. ICG was used for primary tumor and metastases localization, for sentinel lymph node detection, and for lymph flow mapping. The detection rate for primary colorectal and gastric tumors was 100% after preoperative ICG endoscopic injection. For liver lesions, the detection rate after intravenous ICG infusion was 80% and up to 100% for lesions less than 8 mm from the liver surface. The detection rate for sentinel lymph nodes was 89.8% for esophageal, 98.6% for gastric, 87.4% for colorectal, and 83.3% for anal tumors, respectively. In comparative studies, ICG significantly increases the quality of D2 lymphadenectomy in oncological gastrectomy. Conclusion: The use of ICG as a guiding tool for dissection in GI surgery is promising. Further evidence from high-quality studies on larger sample sizes is needed to assess whether ICG-guided surgery may become standard of care.

Indocyanine Green Fluorescence-Guided Surgery for Gastrointestinal Tumors: A Systematic Review / C. Sposito, M. Maspero, P. Belotti, N. Simonotti, M. Altomare, P. Ciana, V. Mazzaferro. - In: ANNALS OF SURGERY OPEN. - ISSN 2691-3593. - 3:3(2022). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1097/AS9.0000000000000190]

Indocyanine Green Fluorescence-Guided Surgery for Gastrointestinal Tumors: A Systematic Review

C. Sposito
Primo
;
M. Maspero
Secondo
;
M. Altomare;P. Ciana
Penultimo
;
V. Mazzaferro
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

To conduct a systematic review of the currently available literature on the use of ICG to guide surgical dissection in gastrointestinal (GI) cancer surgery. Background: Real-time indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence-guided surgery has the potential to enhance surgical outcomes by increasing patient-tailored oncological precision. Methods: MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were searched for publications on the use of ICG as a contrast agent in GI cancer surgery until December 2020. Perfusion studies were excluded. Quality of the studies was assessed with the Methodological Index for nonrandomized Studies or Jadad scale for randomized controlled trials. A narrative synthesis of the results was provided, with descriptive statistics when appropriate. Results: Seventy-eight studies were included. ICG was used for primary tumor and metastases localization, for sentinel lymph node detection, and for lymph flow mapping. The detection rate for primary colorectal and gastric tumors was 100% after preoperative ICG endoscopic injection. For liver lesions, the detection rate after intravenous ICG infusion was 80% and up to 100% for lesions less than 8 mm from the liver surface. The detection rate for sentinel lymph nodes was 89.8% for esophageal, 98.6% for gastric, 87.4% for colorectal, and 83.3% for anal tumors, respectively. In comparative studies, ICG significantly increases the quality of D2 lymphadenectomy in oncological gastrectomy. Conclusion: The use of ICG as a guiding tool for dissection in GI surgery is promising. Further evidence from high-quality studies on larger sample sizes is needed to assess whether ICG-guided surgery may become standard of care.
colorectal surgery; fluorescence-guided surgery; GI surgery; HPB surgery; ICG-guided surgery; image-guided surgery; indocyanine green; near-infrared visualization; surgical oncology; upper GI surgery
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
2-set-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/937146
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