The aim of this paper is to describe the direction of the link between stress, depression, increased inflammation and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) reduction. We hypothesize that severe stress or prolonged stress can be the driving factor that promote the onset of depression. Both stress and depression, if not resolved over time, activate the production of transcription factors that will switch on pro-inflammatory genes and translate them into cytokines. This cascade fosters systemic chronic inflammation and reduced plasma BDNF levels. Since people with depression have a 60% increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and show high levels of inflammation and low levels of BDNF, we hypothesize possible reasons that might explain why T2D, depression and dementia are often associated in the same patien

Why do we not reverse the path? Stress can cause depression, reduction of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and increased inflammation / A. Claro, C. Palanza, M. Mazza, A. Rizzi, L. Tartaglione, G. Marano, G. Muti-Schuenemann, M. Rigoni, P. Muti, A. Pontecorvi, L. Janiri, G. Sani, D. Pitocco. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 2220-3206. - 12:9(2022 Sep 19), pp. 1264-1267. [10.5498/wjp.v12.i9.1264]

Why do we not reverse the path? Stress can cause depression, reduction of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and increased inflammation

M. Rigoni;P. Muti;
2022

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to describe the direction of the link between stress, depression, increased inflammation and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) reduction. We hypothesize that severe stress or prolonged stress can be the driving factor that promote the onset of depression. Both stress and depression, if not resolved over time, activate the production of transcription factors that will switch on pro-inflammatory genes and translate them into cytokines. This cascade fosters systemic chronic inflammation and reduced plasma BDNF levels. Since people with depression have a 60% increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and show high levels of inflammation and low levels of BDNF, we hypothesize possible reasons that might explain why T2D, depression and dementia are often associated in the same patien
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; Dementia; Depression; Inflammation; Psychological stress; Type 2 diabetes mellitus;
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/936812
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