We present unresolved questions in plant abiotic stress biology as posed by 15 research groups with expertise spanning eco-physiology to cell and molecular biology. Common themes of these questions include the need to better understand how plants detect water availability, temperature, salinity, and rising CO2 levels; how environmental signals interface with endogenous signaling and development (e.g. circadian clock, flowering time); and how this integrated signaling controls downstream responses (e.g. stomatal regulation, proline metabolism, growth versus defense balance). The plasma membrane comes up frequently as a site of key signaling and transport events (e.g. mechanosensing and lipid-derived signaling, aquaporins). Adaptation to water extremes and rising CO2 affects hydraulic architecture and transpiration, as well as root and shoot growth and morphology, in ways not fully understood. Environmental adaptation involves tradeoffs that limit ecological distribution and crop resilience in the face of changing and increasingly unpredictable environments. Exploration of plant diversity within and among species can help us know which of these tradeoffs represent fundamental limits and which ones can be circumvented by bringing new trait combinations together. Better defining what constitutes beneficial stress resistance in different contexts and making connections between genes and phenotypes, and between laboratory and field observations, are overarching challenges.

Burning questions for a warming and changing world: 15 unknowns in plant abiotic stress / P.E. Verslues, J. Bailey-Serres, C. Brodersen, T.N. Buckley, L. Conti, A. Christmann, J.R. Dinneny, E. Grill, S. Hayes, R.W. Heckman, P. Hsu, T.E. Juenger, P. Mas, T. Munnik, H. Nelissen, L. Sack, J.I. Schroeder, C. Testerink, S.D. Tyerman, T. Umezawa, P.A. Wigge. - In: THE PLANT CELL. - ISSN 1532-298X. - (2022). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1093/plcell/koac263]

Burning questions for a warming and changing world: 15 unknowns in plant abiotic stress

L. Conti;
2022

Abstract

We present unresolved questions in plant abiotic stress biology as posed by 15 research groups with expertise spanning eco-physiology to cell and molecular biology. Common themes of these questions include the need to better understand how plants detect water availability, temperature, salinity, and rising CO2 levels; how environmental signals interface with endogenous signaling and development (e.g. circadian clock, flowering time); and how this integrated signaling controls downstream responses (e.g. stomatal regulation, proline metabolism, growth versus defense balance). The plasma membrane comes up frequently as a site of key signaling and transport events (e.g. mechanosensing and lipid-derived signaling, aquaporins). Adaptation to water extremes and rising CO2 affects hydraulic architecture and transpiration, as well as root and shoot growth and morphology, in ways not fully understood. Environmental adaptation involves tradeoffs that limit ecological distribution and crop resilience in the face of changing and increasingly unpredictable environments. Exploration of plant diversity within and among species can help us know which of these tradeoffs represent fundamental limits and which ones can be circumvented by bringing new trait combinations together. Better defining what constitutes beneficial stress resistance in different contexts and making connections between genes and phenotypes, and between laboratory and field observations, are overarching challenges.
Settore BIO/18 - Genetica
26-ago-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/936666
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