Background: High-risk triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are characterized by poor prognosis, rapid progression to metastatic stage and onset of resistance to chemotherapy, thus representing an area in need of new therapeutic approaches. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression is an adaptive mechanism of tumour resistance to tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes, which in turn are needed for response to chemotherapy. Overall, available data support the concept that blockade of PD-L1/programmed cell death protein 1 checkpoint may improve efficacy of classical chemotherapy. Patients and methods: Two hundred and eighty patients with TNBC were enrolled in this multicentre study (NCT002620280) and randomized to neoadjuvant carboplatin area under the curve 2 and nab-paclitaxel 125 mg/m2 intravenously (i.v.) on days 1 and 8, without (n = 142) or with (n = 138) atezolizumab 1200 mg i.v. on day 1. Both regimens were given q3 weeks for eight cycles before surgery followed by four cycles of an adjuvant anthracycline regimen. The primary aim of the study was to compare event-free survival (EFS), and an important secondary aim was the rate of pathological complete response (pCR defined as the absence of invasive cells in breast and lymph nodes). The primary population for all efficacy endpoints is the intention-to-treat (ITT) population. Results: The ITT analysis revealed that pCR rate after treatment with atezolizumab (48.6%) did not reach statistical significance compared to no atezolizumab [44.4%: odds ratio (OR) 1.18; 95% confidence interval 0.74-1.89; P = 0.48]. Treatment-related adverse events were similar with either regimen except for a significantly higher overall incidence of serious adverse events and liver transaminase abnormalities with atezolizumab. Conclusions: The addition of atezolizumab to nab-paclitaxel and carboplatin did not significantly increase the rate of influencing the rate of pCR (OR 2.08). Continuing follow-up for the EFS is ongoing, and molecular studies are under way.

Pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant treatment with or without atezolizumab in triple-negative, early high-risk and locally advanced breast cancer: NeoTRIP Michelangelo randomized study / L. Gianni, C.S. Huang, D. Egle, B. Bermejo, C. Zamagni, M. Thill, A. Anton, S. Zambelli, G. Bianchini, S. Russo, E.M. Ciruelos, R. Greil, V. Semiglazov, M. Colleoni, C. Kelly, G. Mariani, L. Del Mastro, I. Maffeis, P. Valagussa, G. Viale. - In: ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1569-8041. - 33:5(2022 May), pp. 534-543. [10.1016/j.annonc.2022.02.004]

Pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant treatment with or without atezolizumab in triple-negative, early high-risk and locally advanced breast cancer: NeoTRIP Michelangelo randomized study

G. Viale
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background: High-risk triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are characterized by poor prognosis, rapid progression to metastatic stage and onset of resistance to chemotherapy, thus representing an area in need of new therapeutic approaches. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression is an adaptive mechanism of tumour resistance to tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes, which in turn are needed for response to chemotherapy. Overall, available data support the concept that blockade of PD-L1/programmed cell death protein 1 checkpoint may improve efficacy of classical chemotherapy. Patients and methods: Two hundred and eighty patients with TNBC were enrolled in this multicentre study (NCT002620280) and randomized to neoadjuvant carboplatin area under the curve 2 and nab-paclitaxel 125 mg/m2 intravenously (i.v.) on days 1 and 8, without (n = 142) or with (n = 138) atezolizumab 1200 mg i.v. on day 1. Both regimens were given q3 weeks for eight cycles before surgery followed by four cycles of an adjuvant anthracycline regimen. The primary aim of the study was to compare event-free survival (EFS), and an important secondary aim was the rate of pathological complete response (pCR defined as the absence of invasive cells in breast and lymph nodes). The primary population for all efficacy endpoints is the intention-to-treat (ITT) population. Results: The ITT analysis revealed that pCR rate after treatment with atezolizumab (48.6%) did not reach statistical significance compared to no atezolizumab [44.4%: odds ratio (OR) 1.18; 95% confidence interval 0.74-1.89; P = 0.48]. Treatment-related adverse events were similar with either regimen except for a significantly higher overall incidence of serious adverse events and liver transaminase abnormalities with atezolizumab. Conclusions: The addition of atezolizumab to nab-paclitaxel and carboplatin did not significantly increase the rate of influencing the rate of pCR (OR 2.08). Continuing follow-up for the EFS is ongoing, and molecular studies are under way.
atezolizumab; neoadjuvant therapy; triple-negative breast cancer; Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols; B7-H1 Antigen; Carboplatin; Female; Humans; Paclitaxel; Neoadjuvant Therapy; Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms;
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/936228
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