Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for approximately 12% to 17% of all breast cancers and has an aggressive clinical behavior. Increased tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte counts are prognostic for survival in TNBC, making this disease a potential target for cancer immunotherapy. Research on immunophenotyping of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes is revealing molecular and structural organization in the tumor microenvironment that may predict patient prognosis. The anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel was the first cancer immunotherapy combination to demonstrate progression-free survival benefit and clinically meaningful overall survival benefit in the first-line treatment of metastatic TNBC (mTNBC) in patients with PD-L1-expressing tumor-infiltrating immune cells in 1% or more of the tumor area. This led to its United States and European Union approval for mTNBC and US approval of the VENTANA PD-L1 (SP142) assay as a companion diagnostic immunohistochemistry assay. Subsequently, the anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1 ) antibody pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for mTNBC based on progression-free survival benefit in patients with a combined positive score of at least 10 by its concurrently approved 22C3 companion diagnostic assay. Treatment guidelines now recommend PD-L1 testing for patients with mTNBC, and the testing landscape will likely become increasingly complex as new anti-PD-L1 and anti-PD-1 agents and diagnostics are approved for TNBC. Integrating PD-L1 testing into current diagnostic workflows for mTNBC may provide more treatment options for these patients. Therefore, it is critical for medical oncologists and pathologists to understand the available assays and their relevance to therapeutic options to develop an appropriate workflow for immunohistochemistry testing.

Determining PD-L1 Status in Patients With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Lessons Learned From IMpassion130 / S.S. Badve, F. Penault-Llorca, J.S. Reis-Filho, R. Deurloo, K.P. Siziopikou, C. D'Arrigo, G. Viale. - In: JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE. - ISSN 0027-8874. - 114:5(2022), pp. 664-675. [10.1093/jnci/djab121]

Determining PD-L1 Status in Patients With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Lessons Learned From IMpassion130

G. Viale
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for approximately 12% to 17% of all breast cancers and has an aggressive clinical behavior. Increased tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte counts are prognostic for survival in TNBC, making this disease a potential target for cancer immunotherapy. Research on immunophenotyping of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes is revealing molecular and structural organization in the tumor microenvironment that may predict patient prognosis. The anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel was the first cancer immunotherapy combination to demonstrate progression-free survival benefit and clinically meaningful overall survival benefit in the first-line treatment of metastatic TNBC (mTNBC) in patients with PD-L1-expressing tumor-infiltrating immune cells in 1% or more of the tumor area. This led to its United States and European Union approval for mTNBC and US approval of the VENTANA PD-L1 (SP142) assay as a companion diagnostic immunohistochemistry assay. Subsequently, the anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1 ) antibody pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for mTNBC based on progression-free survival benefit in patients with a combined positive score of at least 10 by its concurrently approved 22C3 companion diagnostic assay. Treatment guidelines now recommend PD-L1 testing for patients with mTNBC, and the testing landscape will likely become increasingly complex as new anti-PD-L1 and anti-PD-1 agents and diagnostics are approved for TNBC. Integrating PD-L1 testing into current diagnostic workflows for mTNBC may provide more treatment options for these patients. Therefore, it is critical for medical oncologists and pathologists to understand the available assays and their relevance to therapeutic options to develop an appropriate workflow for immunohistochemistry testing.
B7-H1 Antigen; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Prognosis; Tumor Microenvironment; Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/936167
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