The photoexcitation of plasmonic nanostructures with ultrashort laser pulses allows for elucidating the mechanisms underlying the ultrafast nonlinear optical response of such systems, gaining insight into the fundamental processes triggered by light absorption at the nanoscale. To date, the complex temporal and spectral features of the photoinduced response are not fully understood, especially when the photon energies are close to the interband transitions of the metallic medium. Herein, the effects of photoexcitation of plasmonic nanostructures are studied by resorting to a combinaion of broadband transient absorption spectroscopy and semiclassical nonlinear simulations of the energy relaxation processes following illumination. The proposed approach enables an in-depth disentanglement of all the contributions to the ultrafast transient optical response of supported gold nanocrystals. From these methods, the apparent transient blue shift of the localized plasmon resonance observed in the pump–probe signals is rationalized as an interplay between different and spectrally dispersed permittivity modulations, instead of a simple negative permittivity change, as it could be concluded based on the Fröhlich condition. The results provide a comprehensive understanding of the thermo-modulational nonlinearities of plasmonic nanostructures exhibiting resonances close to the interband transition threshold.

Disentangling the Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Behavior of Plasmonic Resonances Near the Interband Transition / A. Schirato, M.G. Silva, D.C. Teles-Ferreira, C. Manzoni, A.M. de Paula, G. Cerullo, G. Della Valle, M. Di Vece. - In: ADVANCED PHOTONICS RESEARCH. - ISSN 2699-9293. - (2022), pp. 2200081.1-2200081.8. [10.1002/adpr.202200081]

Disentangling the Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Behavior of Plasmonic Resonances Near the Interband Transition

M. Di Vece
2022

Abstract

The photoexcitation of plasmonic nanostructures with ultrashort laser pulses allows for elucidating the mechanisms underlying the ultrafast nonlinear optical response of such systems, gaining insight into the fundamental processes triggered by light absorption at the nanoscale. To date, the complex temporal and spectral features of the photoinduced response are not fully understood, especially when the photon energies are close to the interband transitions of the metallic medium. Herein, the effects of photoexcitation of plasmonic nanostructures are studied by resorting to a combinaion of broadband transient absorption spectroscopy and semiclassical nonlinear simulations of the energy relaxation processes following illumination. The proposed approach enables an in-depth disentanglement of all the contributions to the ultrafast transient optical response of supported gold nanocrystals. From these methods, the apparent transient blue shift of the localized plasmon resonance observed in the pump–probe signals is rationalized as an interplay between different and spectrally dispersed permittivity modulations, instead of a simple negative permittivity change, as it could be concluded based on the Fröhlich condition. The results provide a comprehensive understanding of the thermo-modulational nonlinearities of plasmonic nanostructures exhibiting resonances close to the interband transition threshold.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
17-ago-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/936106
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