Background: Endothelial dysfunction is one of the early pathogenic events of the atherosclerotic process. Severe periodontitis is considered to be an independent contributing risk factor for the pathophysiology of endothelial dysfunction. High blood concentration of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an L-arginine analogue that inhibits nitric oxide (NO) formation, has emerged as one of the most powerful independent risk predictors of cardiovascular disease. Abrogation of periodontal inflammation might have clinical relevance, affecting the ADMA. Insufficient clinical evidence exists for drawing clear conclusions regarding the long-term effects of periodontal disease on endothelial function, and even less evidence is available specifically on ADMA concentrations and their relationship with periodontitis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of intensive periodontal treatment in modulating the endothelial function via the assessment of plasma ADMA concentration in patients diagnosed severe periodontitis. Methods: This was a 6-month randomized controlled trial, including 140 patients between 41 and 63 years old who were diagnosed with severe periodontitis, free from cardiovascular disease (CVD), and had traditional cardiovascular risk factors. All patients underwent a complete medical and clinical periodontal examination, a laboratory analysis of ADMA, and an ultrasound assessment of FMD of the right brachial artery. After the screening, they were randomly assigned to receive either intensive periodontal treatment (test group, n = 70) or community-based periodontal care (control group, n = 70). A full examination was carried out at baseline, 3 and 6 months after the periodontal treatment. Results: A total of 236 individuals diagnosed with periodontitis were screened. One hundred forty participants were enrolled. No statistically significant difference was observed over the time in ADMA concentration after the intensive periodontal treatment within the test group. No differences were revealed between the groups in the ADMA concentration at baseline and during follow-up. Conclusions: Intensive periodontal treatment does not affect the plasma levels of ADMA in patients without any risk for cardiovascular disease.

The Impact of Periodontal Inflammation on Endothelial Function Assessed by Circulating Levels of Asymmetric Dimethylarginine: A Single-Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial / B. Rapone, E. Ferrara, E. Qorri, G. Dipalma, A. Mancini, M. Corsalini, M.D. Fabbro, A. Scarano, G.M. Tartaglia, F. Inchingolo. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:14(2022 Jul 18), pp. 4173.1-4173.14. [10.3390/jcm11144173]

The Impact of Periodontal Inflammation on Endothelial Function Assessed by Circulating Levels of Asymmetric Dimethylarginine: A Single-Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial

M.D. Fabbro;G.M. Tartaglia
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Background: Endothelial dysfunction is one of the early pathogenic events of the atherosclerotic process. Severe periodontitis is considered to be an independent contributing risk factor for the pathophysiology of endothelial dysfunction. High blood concentration of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an L-arginine analogue that inhibits nitric oxide (NO) formation, has emerged as one of the most powerful independent risk predictors of cardiovascular disease. Abrogation of periodontal inflammation might have clinical relevance, affecting the ADMA. Insufficient clinical evidence exists for drawing clear conclusions regarding the long-term effects of periodontal disease on endothelial function, and even less evidence is available specifically on ADMA concentrations and their relationship with periodontitis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of intensive periodontal treatment in modulating the endothelial function via the assessment of plasma ADMA concentration in patients diagnosed severe periodontitis. Methods: This was a 6-month randomized controlled trial, including 140 patients between 41 and 63 years old who were diagnosed with severe periodontitis, free from cardiovascular disease (CVD), and had traditional cardiovascular risk factors. All patients underwent a complete medical and clinical periodontal examination, a laboratory analysis of ADMA, and an ultrasound assessment of FMD of the right brachial artery. After the screening, they were randomly assigned to receive either intensive periodontal treatment (test group, n = 70) or community-based periodontal care (control group, n = 70). A full examination was carried out at baseline, 3 and 6 months after the periodontal treatment. Results: A total of 236 individuals diagnosed with periodontitis were screened. One hundred forty participants were enrolled. No statistically significant difference was observed over the time in ADMA concentration after the intensive periodontal treatment within the test group. No differences were revealed between the groups in the ADMA concentration at baseline and during follow-up. Conclusions: Intensive periodontal treatment does not affect the plasma levels of ADMA in patients without any risk for cardiovascular disease.
biomarkers; endothelial dysfunction; oxidative stress; periodontal disease; periodontal therapy; periodontitis
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
Settore MED/50 - Scienze Tecniche Mediche Applicate
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/935881
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