Several studies, reviews and meta-analyses have documented that D-mannose use lowers the risk of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI), but its role in the treatment of UTI/cystitis-related symptoms is unclear. In particular, no systematic review has analyzed the role of treatment with D-mannose in acute UTI/cystitis. In this paper, we systematically reviewed the published data on the effect of D-mannose, alone or in association with other compounds, on the typical symptoms of UTI/cystitis. PubMed/Medline and EMBASE databases were searched, from 1990 to January 2022, using combinations of the following keywords: 'urinary tract infections', 'cystalgia', 'recurrent next urinary tract infection', 'cystitis', 'mannose', 'mannoside', 'D-mannose', 'bacteriuria', 'pyuria', 'pyelocystitis' with the appropriate Boolean modifiers (Limits: Human, English, full article). Studies were selected for the systematic review if they were clinical studies and reported original data, the number of patients using D-mannose alone or in association with other treatments, and the number of patients with symptoms of UTI/cystitis at trial entry and after the follow-up period. A total of seven studies were identified. D-mannose was given alone in two studies, and was associated with cranberry extract, Morinda citrifolia fruit extract, pomegranate extract, fructo-oligosaccharides, lactobacilli, and N-acetylcysteine in the others. All studies reported that symptoms decreased after treatment with D-mannose. Despite the limitations of the studies, the consistent results observed among all studies give support to the general findings that D-mannose may be useful in the treatment of UTI/cystitis symptoms.

Systematic review of the effect of D-mannose with or without other drugs in the treatment of symptoms of urinary tract infections/cystitis (Review) / F. Parazzini, E. Ricci, F. Fedele, F. Chiaffarino, G. Esposito, S. Cipriani. - In: BIOMEDICAL REPORTS. - ISSN 2049-9442. - 17:2(2022 Aug), pp. 69.1-69.11. [10.3892/br.2022.1552]

Systematic review of the effect of D-mannose with or without other drugs in the treatment of symptoms of urinary tract infections/cystitis (Review)

F. Parazzini
Primo
;
F. Fedele;G. Esposito
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Several studies, reviews and meta-analyses have documented that D-mannose use lowers the risk of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI), but its role in the treatment of UTI/cystitis-related symptoms is unclear. In particular, no systematic review has analyzed the role of treatment with D-mannose in acute UTI/cystitis. In this paper, we systematically reviewed the published data on the effect of D-mannose, alone or in association with other compounds, on the typical symptoms of UTI/cystitis. PubMed/Medline and EMBASE databases were searched, from 1990 to January 2022, using combinations of the following keywords: 'urinary tract infections', 'cystalgia', 'recurrent next urinary tract infection', 'cystitis', 'mannose', 'mannoside', 'D-mannose', 'bacteriuria', 'pyuria', 'pyelocystitis' with the appropriate Boolean modifiers (Limits: Human, English, full article). Studies were selected for the systematic review if they were clinical studies and reported original data, the number of patients using D-mannose alone or in association with other treatments, and the number of patients with symptoms of UTI/cystitis at trial entry and after the follow-up period. A total of seven studies were identified. D-mannose was given alone in two studies, and was associated with cranberry extract, Morinda citrifolia fruit extract, pomegranate extract, fructo-oligosaccharides, lactobacilli, and N-acetylcysteine in the others. All studies reported that symptoms decreased after treatment with D-mannose. Despite the limitations of the studies, the consistent results observed among all studies give support to the general findings that D-mannose may be useful in the treatment of UTI/cystitis symptoms.
D-mannose; cystitis; symptoms; urinary tract infection
Settore MED/47 - Scienze Infermieristiche Ostetrico-Ginecologiche
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
ago-2022
15-giu-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/935861
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