Objectives Nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) plays a well-established role in differentiating primary from secondary RP due to SSc. However, the association of NVC with novel severe organ involvement/progression in SSc has never been evaluated in a multicentre, multinational study, which we now perform for the first time. Methods Follow-up data from 334 SSc patients [265 women; 18 limited SSc (lSSc)/203 lcSSc/113 dcSSc] registered between November 2008 and January 2016 by seven tertiary centres in the EUSTAR-database, were analysed. Novel severe organ involvement/progression was defined as new/progressive involvement of the peripheral vasculature, lungs, heart, skin, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, musculoskeletal system, or death, at the 12- or 24-month follow-up. NVC images at enrolment were quantitatively and qualitatively evaluated according to the standardized definitions of the EULAR Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases. Uni- and multivariable logistic regression modelling (ULR, MLR) was performed. Results Of the 334 included SSc patients, 257 (76.9%) developed novel overall severe organ involvement/progression. Following MLR, normal capillary density was associated with less-frequent novel overall severe organ involvement/progression [odds ratio (OR) = 0.77, P < 0.001] and novel peripheral vascular involvement (OR = 0.79, P = 0.043); microhaemorrhages were associated with less novel pulmonary hypertension (OR = 0.47, P = 0.029); and a 'severe' (active/late) NVC pattern was associated with novel overall severe organ involvement/progression (OR = 2.14, P = 0.002) and skin progression (OR = 1.70, P = 0.049). Conclusions Our results suggest that NVC may be a promising biomarker in SSc, certainly warranting further investigation. Despite the participation of tertiary centres, which follow their patients in a standardized way, we were underpowered to detect associations with infrequent severe organ involvement/progression.

Nailfold capillaroscopy in SSc: innocent bystander or promising biomarker for novel severe organ involvement/progression? / A. Vanhaecke, M. Cutolo, O. Distler, V. Riccieri, Y. Allanore, C.P. Denton, E. Hachulla, F. Ingegnoli, E. Deschepper, J. Avouac, S. Jordan, D. Launay, K. Melsens, C. Pizzorni, A. Sulli, M. Vasile, A.L. Herrick, V. Smith. - In: RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 1462-0324. - 61:11(2022 Nov), pp. 4384-4396. [10.1093/rheumatology/keac079]

Nailfold capillaroscopy in SSc: innocent bystander or promising biomarker for novel severe organ involvement/progression?

F. Ingegnoli;
2022

Abstract

Objectives Nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) plays a well-established role in differentiating primary from secondary RP due to SSc. However, the association of NVC with novel severe organ involvement/progression in SSc has never been evaluated in a multicentre, multinational study, which we now perform for the first time. Methods Follow-up data from 334 SSc patients [265 women; 18 limited SSc (lSSc)/203 lcSSc/113 dcSSc] registered between November 2008 and January 2016 by seven tertiary centres in the EUSTAR-database, were analysed. Novel severe organ involvement/progression was defined as new/progressive involvement of the peripheral vasculature, lungs, heart, skin, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, musculoskeletal system, or death, at the 12- or 24-month follow-up. NVC images at enrolment were quantitatively and qualitatively evaluated according to the standardized definitions of the EULAR Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases. Uni- and multivariable logistic regression modelling (ULR, MLR) was performed. Results Of the 334 included SSc patients, 257 (76.9%) developed novel overall severe organ involvement/progression. Following MLR, normal capillary density was associated with less-frequent novel overall severe organ involvement/progression [odds ratio (OR) = 0.77, P < 0.001] and novel peripheral vascular involvement (OR = 0.79, P = 0.043); microhaemorrhages were associated with less novel pulmonary hypertension (OR = 0.47, P = 0.029); and a 'severe' (active/late) NVC pattern was associated with novel overall severe organ involvement/progression (OR = 2.14, P = 0.002) and skin progression (OR = 1.70, P = 0.049). Conclusions Our results suggest that NVC may be a promising biomarker in SSc, certainly warranting further investigation. Despite the participation of tertiary centres, which follow their patients in a standardized way, we were underpowered to detect associations with infrequent severe organ involvement/progression.
EULAR Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases; EUSTAR; Systemic sclerosis; disease progression; microcirculation; nailfold videocapillaroscopy; organ involvement
Settore MED/16 - Reumatologia
17-feb-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/935532
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