Anti-1-amino-3-18fluorine-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (18F-fluciclovine) positron emission tomography (PET) shows preferential glioma uptake but there is little data on how up- take correlates with post-contrast T1-weighted (Gd-T1) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) activity during adjuvant treatment. This pilot study aimed to com- pare 18F-fluciclovine PET, DCE-MRI and Gd-T1 in patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy for glioblastoma (GBM), and in a parallel pre-clinical GBM model, to investigate correlation between 18F-fluciclovine uptake, MRI findings, and tumour biology. 18F-fluciclovine-PET-computed tomog- raphy (PET-CT) and MRI including DCE-MRI were acquired before, during and after adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (60 Gy in 30 fractions with temozolomide) in GBM patients. MRI volumes were manually contoured; PET volumes were defined using semi-automatic thresholding. The similarity of the PET and DCE-MRI volumes outside the Gd-T1 volume boundary was measured using the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). CT-2A tumour-bearing mice underwent MRI and 18F-fluciclovine PET-CT. Post-mortem mice brains underwent immunohistochemistry staining for ASCT2 (amino acid transporter), nestin (stemness) and Ki-67 (proliferation) to assess for biologically active tumour. 6 patients were recruited (GBM 1–6) and grouped according to overall survival (OS)—short sur- vival (GBM-SS, median OS 249 days) and long survival (GBM-LS, median 903 days). For GBM-SS, PET tumour volumes were greater than DCE-MRI, in turn greater than Gd-T1. For GBM-LS, Gd- T1 and DCE-MRI were greater than PET. Tumour-specific 18F-fluciclovine uptake on pre-clinical PET-CT corresponded to immunostaining for Ki-67, nestin and ASCT2. Results suggest volumes of 18F-fluciclovine-PET activity beyond that depicted by DCE-MRI and Gd-T1 are associated with poorer prognosis in patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy for GBM. The pre-clinical model confirmed 18F-fluciclovine uptake reflected biologically active tumour.

Exploratory Analysis of Serial 18F-fluciclovine PET-CT and Multiparametric MRI during Chemoradiation for Glioblastoma / K. Fatania, R. Frood, M. Tyyger, G. Mcdermott, S. Fernandez, G. Shaw, M. Boissinot, D. Salvatore, L. Ottobrini, I. Teh, J. Wright, M.A. Bailey, J. Koch-Paszkowski, J.E. Schneider, D. Buckley, L. Murray, A. Scarsbrook, S.C. Short, S. Currie. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:14(2022), pp. 3485.1-3485.18. [Epub ahead of print] [10.3390/cancers14143485]

Exploratory Analysis of Serial 18F-fluciclovine PET-CT and Multiparametric MRI during Chemoradiation for Glioblastoma

D. Salvatore;L. Ottobrini;
2022

Abstract

Anti-1-amino-3-18fluorine-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (18F-fluciclovine) positron emission tomography (PET) shows preferential glioma uptake but there is little data on how up- take correlates with post-contrast T1-weighted (Gd-T1) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) activity during adjuvant treatment. This pilot study aimed to com- pare 18F-fluciclovine PET, DCE-MRI and Gd-T1 in patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy for glioblastoma (GBM), and in a parallel pre-clinical GBM model, to investigate correlation between 18F-fluciclovine uptake, MRI findings, and tumour biology. 18F-fluciclovine-PET-computed tomog- raphy (PET-CT) and MRI including DCE-MRI were acquired before, during and after adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (60 Gy in 30 fractions with temozolomide) in GBM patients. MRI volumes were manually contoured; PET volumes were defined using semi-automatic thresholding. The similarity of the PET and DCE-MRI volumes outside the Gd-T1 volume boundary was measured using the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). CT-2A tumour-bearing mice underwent MRI and 18F-fluciclovine PET-CT. Post-mortem mice brains underwent immunohistochemistry staining for ASCT2 (amino acid transporter), nestin (stemness) and Ki-67 (proliferation) to assess for biologically active tumour. 6 patients were recruited (GBM 1–6) and grouped according to overall survival (OS)—short sur- vival (GBM-SS, median OS 249 days) and long survival (GBM-LS, median 903 days). For GBM-SS, PET tumour volumes were greater than DCE-MRI, in turn greater than Gd-T1. For GBM-LS, Gd- T1 and DCE-MRI were greater than PET. Tumour-specific 18F-fluciclovine uptake on pre-clinical PET-CT corresponded to immunostaining for Ki-67, nestin and ASCT2. Results suggest volumes of 18F-fluciclovine-PET activity beyond that depicted by DCE-MRI and Gd-T1 are associated with poorer prognosis in patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy for GBM. The pre-clinical model confirmed 18F-fluciclovine uptake reflected biologically active tumour.
glioblastoma; chemoradiotherapy; adjuvant; positron-emission tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; amino acid transport systems
Settore MED/50 - Scienze Tecniche Mediche Applicate
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/934813
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