Ammonia (NH3 ) emissions deriving from the management of livestock manure have a significant environmental impact, and therefore it is important to reduce them. Among the available options, the process of NH3 stripping is promising to remove NH3 from manures and digestates recovering it as a mineral fertilizer (e.g., ammonium sulfate) that is more widely adoptable on farms. The traditional stripping process takes place in batches; however, in this study, a continuous process was evaluated using a lab scale plant in which four reactors were used in series with different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) of 12 or 20 days. The NH3 recovery of each reactor was studied for the liquid fraction of pig slurry, dairy cattle slurry and digestate, applying simple headspace aeration. For 20 days of HRT, totals of 92%, 83% and 67% of NH3 were stripped from the digestate, pig slurry and dairy cattle slurry, respectively. For 12 days of HRT, total NH3 recoveries were 83%, 60% and 41% for the digestate, pig slurry and dairy cattle slurry, respectively. The inlet NH3 concentration and inlet total alkalinity had a positive and negative effect, respectively, on the specific NH3 removal rate for each reactor. Stripping NH3 on farm scale can abate NH3 emissions in response to the environmental concerns of European policies.

Nitrogen Recovery from Different Livestock Slurries with an Innovative Stripping Process / A. HEIDARZADEH VAZIFEHKHORAN, A. Finzi, F. Perazzolo, E. Riva, O. Ferrari, G.M. Provolo. - In: SUSTAINABILITY. - ISSN 2071-1050. - 14:13(2022), pp. 7709.1-7709.17. [10.3390/su14137709]

Nitrogen Recovery from Different Livestock Slurries with an Innovative Stripping Process

A. HEIDARZADEH VAZIFEHKHORAN
Primo
;
A. Finzi
Secondo
;
F. Perazzolo;E. Riva;O. Ferrari;G.M. Provolo
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Ammonia (NH3 ) emissions deriving from the management of livestock manure have a significant environmental impact, and therefore it is important to reduce them. Among the available options, the process of NH3 stripping is promising to remove NH3 from manures and digestates recovering it as a mineral fertilizer (e.g., ammonium sulfate) that is more widely adoptable on farms. The traditional stripping process takes place in batches; however, in this study, a continuous process was evaluated using a lab scale plant in which four reactors were used in series with different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) of 12 or 20 days. The NH3 recovery of each reactor was studied for the liquid fraction of pig slurry, dairy cattle slurry and digestate, applying simple headspace aeration. For 20 days of HRT, totals of 92%, 83% and 67% of NH3 were stripped from the digestate, pig slurry and dairy cattle slurry, respectively. For 12 days of HRT, total NH3 recoveries were 83%, 60% and 41% for the digestate, pig slurry and dairy cattle slurry, respectively. The inlet NH3 concentration and inlet total alkalinity had a positive and negative effect, respectively, on the specific NH3 removal rate for each reactor. Stripping NH3 on farm scale can abate NH3 emissions in response to the environmental concerns of European policies.
aeration; alkalinity; ammonia stripping; manure management; nitrogen recovery
Settore AGR/10 - Costruzioni Rurali e Territorio Agroforestale
24-giu-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/933973
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