Elbow flexors (EF) and knee extensors (KE) have shown differences in performance fatigability and recovery of neuromuscular function after isometric and isotonic single-joint fatiguing contractions. However, dynamic multi-joint movements are more representative of real-world activities. The aim of the study was to assess central and peripheral mechanisms of fatigability after either arm-cranking or cycling. Ten physically-active men performed maximal incremental arm-cranking and cycling until task-failure. Maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and electrically-evoked forces of both EF and KE were assessed before (PRE) and 1 (POST) and 20 (POST20) min after exercise. At POST, MVIC decreased similarly to 76 ± 8% and 81 ± 7% (both P < 0.001) of PRE for EF and KE, respectively. MVIC force remained lower than PRE at POST20 for both EF and KE (85 ± 8% vs. 95 ± 3% of PRE, P ≤ 0.033), having recovered less in EF than KE (P = 0.003). Electrically-evoked forces decreased similarly from PRE to POST in EF and KE (all P > 0.05). At POST20, the ratio of low-to-high frequency doublets was lowerin EF than KE (75 ± 13% vs. 85 ± 10% of PRE; P ≤ 0.034). Dynamic maximal incremental exercise acutely induced similar magnitudes of MVIC and evoked forces loss in EF and KE. However, at POST20, impaired MVIC recovery and lower ratio of low-to-high frequency doublets in EF compared to KE suggests the recovery of neuromuscular function after dynamic maximal exercises is specific to and dependent on changes within the muscles investigated.

Performance fatigability and recovery after dynamic multi-joint maximal exercise in elbow flexors versus knee extensors / M. Colosio, L. Rasica, G. Baldassarre, J. Temesi, G. Vernillo, M. Marzorati, S. Porcelli. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. REGULATORY, INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0363-6119. - 323:3(2022 Sep), pp. R300-R309. [10.1152/ajpregu.00173.2021]

Performance fatigability and recovery after dynamic multi-joint maximal exercise in elbow flexors versus knee extensors

M. Colosio
Primo
;
G. Vernillo;
2022

Abstract

Elbow flexors (EF) and knee extensors (KE) have shown differences in performance fatigability and recovery of neuromuscular function after isometric and isotonic single-joint fatiguing contractions. However, dynamic multi-joint movements are more representative of real-world activities. The aim of the study was to assess central and peripheral mechanisms of fatigability after either arm-cranking or cycling. Ten physically-active men performed maximal incremental arm-cranking and cycling until task-failure. Maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and electrically-evoked forces of both EF and KE were assessed before (PRE) and 1 (POST) and 20 (POST20) min after exercise. At POST, MVIC decreased similarly to 76 ± 8% and 81 ± 7% (both P < 0.001) of PRE for EF and KE, respectively. MVIC force remained lower than PRE at POST20 for both EF and KE (85 ± 8% vs. 95 ± 3% of PRE, P ≤ 0.033), having recovered less in EF than KE (P = 0.003). Electrically-evoked forces decreased similarly from PRE to POST in EF and KE (all P > 0.05). At POST20, the ratio of low-to-high frequency doublets was lowerin EF than KE (75 ± 13% vs. 85 ± 10% of PRE; P ≤ 0.034). Dynamic maximal incremental exercise acutely induced similar magnitudes of MVIC and evoked forces loss in EF and KE. However, at POST20, impaired MVIC recovery and lower ratio of low-to-high frequency doublets in EF compared to KE suggests the recovery of neuromuscular function after dynamic maximal exercises is specific to and dependent on changes within the muscles investigated.
arm cranking; cycling; incremental maximal exercise; fatigue; recovery
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Settore M-EDF/02 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Sportive
17-ago-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/932486
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