HNRNPA2B1 is associated with prostate cancer (PC) disease aggressiveness and underlies pro-tumourigenic cellular stress responses. By analysing >500 PC transcriptomes, we reveal that HNRNPA2B1 over-expression is associated with poor patient prognosis and stress response pathways. These include the “protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum” (ER) pathway, which incorporates the unfolded protein response (UPR). By RNA-sequencing of HNRNPA2B1-depleted cells PC cells, we identified HNRNPA2B1-mediated down-regulation of UPR genes including the master ER-stress sensor IRE1, which induces ER proteostasis. Consistent with IRE1 down-regulation in HNRNPA2B1-depleted cells, we observed reduced splicing of the IRE1-target and key UPR effector XBP1s. Furthermore, HNRNPA2B1 depletion up-regulates expression of the IRE1-dependent decay (RIDD) target gene BLOC1S1, which is degraded by activated IRE1. We identify a HNRNPA2B1-IRE1-XBP1-controlled four gene prognostic biomarker signature (HIX) which classifies a subgroup of primary PC patients at high risk of disease relapse. Pharmacological targeting of IRE1 attenuated HNRNAPA2-driven PC cell growth. Taken together, our data reveal a putative novel mechanism of UPR activation in PC by HNRNPA2B1, which may promote an IRE1-dependent yet potentially-targetable recurrent disease phenotype.

HNRNPA2B1 controls an unfolded protein response-related prognostic gene signature in prostate cancer / J. G Foster, E. Gea, M. A Labiba, C. A Anene, J. Stockley, C. Philippe, M. Cereda, K. Rouault-Pierre, H. Leung, C. Bessant, P. Rajan. - (2022 Jun 22).

HNRNPA2B1 controls an unfolded protein response-related prognostic gene signature in prostate cancer

M. Cereda;
2022-06-22

Abstract

HNRNPA2B1 is associated with prostate cancer (PC) disease aggressiveness and underlies pro-tumourigenic cellular stress responses. By analysing >500 PC transcriptomes, we reveal that HNRNPA2B1 over-expression is associated with poor patient prognosis and stress response pathways. These include the “protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum” (ER) pathway, which incorporates the unfolded protein response (UPR). By RNA-sequencing of HNRNPA2B1-depleted cells PC cells, we identified HNRNPA2B1-mediated down-regulation of UPR genes including the master ER-stress sensor IRE1, which induces ER proteostasis. Consistent with IRE1 down-regulation in HNRNPA2B1-depleted cells, we observed reduced splicing of the IRE1-target and key UPR effector XBP1s. Furthermore, HNRNPA2B1 depletion up-regulates expression of the IRE1-dependent decay (RIDD) target gene BLOC1S1, which is degraded by activated IRE1. We identify a HNRNPA2B1-IRE1-XBP1-controlled four gene prognostic biomarker signature (HIX) which classifies a subgroup of primary PC patients at high risk of disease relapse. Pharmacological targeting of IRE1 attenuated HNRNAPA2-driven PC cell growth. Taken together, our data reveal a putative novel mechanism of UPR activation in PC by HNRNPA2B1, which may promote an IRE1-dependent yet potentially-targetable recurrent disease phenotype.
prostate cancer; HNRNPA2B1; UPR; XBP1; IRE1
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.06.21.495112v1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/932169
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