The object of this contribution is to analyze some of the main types of legal arguments usually found in judicial precedents in order to grasp their relevance and range in practice. The analysis is drawn from the case law of the Italian Court of Cassation Civil United Sections with a view also to elicit a comparison between the uses of judicial precedents in different judicial systems. However, the analysis is of an explanatory or critical-reconstructive nature and illustrates a series of uses and problems linked to judicial reasoning, the scope of which is general and therefore, goes beyond the specific juridical context at hand. The analysis is conducted from an internal point of view and, particularly from the standpoint of the decision-maker (i. e., the judge) and addresses some vexatae quaestiones surrounding the idea that case law is the source of law in practice. The study defends the thesis that the argument from precedent is, in fact, a very heterogeneous and much more extensive family of arguments than is usually assumed from traditional taxonomies of legal arguments. Moreover, the study defends the thesis that case law is inevitably a “source of law” for pragmatic reasons inherent to judicial reasoning.

Argumentos jurídicos y precedentes jurisprudenciales. Un experimento de sociología judicial entre la práctica y la teoría / S. Zorzetto. - In: PROBLEMA. ANUARIO DE FILOSOFÍA Y TEORÍA DEL DERECHO. - ISSN 2007-4387. - 16:1(2022 Jun 22), pp. 85-128. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Discusión: La Construcción del Precedente en el Civil Law. Debates, Conceptos y Desafíos tenutosi a Ciudad de Mexico nel 2021 [10.22201/iij.24487937e.2022.16.17032].

Argumentos jurídicos y precedentes jurisprudenciales. Un experimento de sociología judicial entre la práctica y la teoría

S. Zorzetto
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2022-06-22

Abstract

The object of this contribution is to analyze some of the main types of legal arguments usually found in judicial precedents in order to grasp their relevance and range in practice. The analysis is drawn from the case law of the Italian Court of Cassation Civil United Sections with a view also to elicit a comparison between the uses of judicial precedents in different judicial systems. However, the analysis is of an explanatory or critical-reconstructive nature and illustrates a series of uses and problems linked to judicial reasoning, the scope of which is general and therefore, goes beyond the specific juridical context at hand. The analysis is conducted from an internal point of view and, particularly from the standpoint of the decision-maker (i. e., the judge) and addresses some vexatae quaestiones surrounding the idea that case law is the source of law in practice. The study defends the thesis that the argument from precedent is, in fact, a very heterogeneous and much more extensive family of arguments than is usually assumed from traditional taxonomies of legal arguments. Moreover, the study defends the thesis that case law is inevitably a “source of law” for pragmatic reasons inherent to judicial reasoning.
El objetivo de esta contribución es analizar algunas de las principales variantes de argumentos jurídicos que usan los precedentes judiciales, con el fin de captar su relevancia y variedad en la práctica. El análisis está inspirado en la jurisprudencia de Secciones Unidas Civiles de la Corte de Casación italiana, también para estimular una comparación entre los usos de los precedentes judiciales en los diferentes sistemas jurídicos existentes. Sin embargo, el análisis es de carácter explicativo o crítico-reconstructivo, e ilustra una serie de usos y problemas vinculados con el razonamiento jurídico, que tienen un alcance general y, por tanto, van más allá del contexto jurídico concreto considerado. El análisis se realiza desde el punto de vista interno y, en particular, del decisor (es decir, el juez), y aborda algunas vexatae quaestiones en torno a la idea de que en la práctica la jurisprudencia es una fuente del derecho. El estudio defiende la tesis de que el argumento del precedente es, de hecho, una familia de argumentos muy heterogénea y más extendida de lo que suele desprenderse de las taxonomías clásicas de los argumentos jurídicos; asimismo, el trabajo sostiene que por razones pragmáticas inherentes al razonamiento jurídico la jurisprudencia es inevitablemente una “fuente del derecho”.
precedentes judiciales; argumentos jurídicos; razonamiento jurídico; fuentes del derecho; doctrina del stare decisis;
Settore IUS/20 - Filosofia del Diritto
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)
https://revistas.juridicas.unam.mx/index.php/filosofia-derecho/article/view/17029/17572
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/932105
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