Ascorbic acid (AA), also known as Vitamin C, is a cofactor required for the function of several hydroxylases. It is not synthesised in humans and has to be provided by diet. Its absence is responsible for scurvy, a condition related to the defective synthesis of collagen by the reduced function of prolythydroxyLase. AA is also a risk factor for periodontal. disease. Recently, it has been shown that AA induces embryonic stem cells to differentiate into osteoblasts. The mechanism by which AA sustains pre-osteoblast proliferation and commitment is mediated through the synthesis of collagen type 1, interaction with alpha2- and beta 1-integrin, activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, and phosphorylation of osteoblast-specific transcription factors. However, the multifunctional role of AA is not fully elucidated. MC3T3-E1 mouse catvaria-derived cell tine is a well-defined in vitro model of pre-osteobtast differentiation, and AA is essential for the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1. By using DNA micro-arrays containing 15,000 genes, we identified several genes in MC3T3-E1 cultured with AA for 24 h whose expression was significantly up or down-regulated. The differentially expressed genes covered a broad range of functional activities: (1) cell growth; (2) metabolism; (3) morphogenesis; (4) cell death; (5) cell communication. The data reported are, to our knowledge, the first genetic portrait of early stage stimulation of pre-osteoblasts by AA, and may be relevant to better understand the molecular mechanism of pre-osteoblast proliferation and commitment. Elucidation of the molecular mechanism has important clinical implications because it may facilitate the correct use of AA to accelerate bone regeneration. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Effect of Vitamin C on pre-osteoblast gene expression|
|Parole Chiave:||Ascorbic acid; DNA micro-array; Gene expression; Gene profiling; Pre-osteoblast; Stem cell|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/17 - Istologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.archoralbio.2004.11.006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|