The detection of the 1809 keV emission line associated with the decay of 26Al (T1=2 ∼ 7:2 · 105 years) in the interstellar medium provides a direct evidence that nucleosynthesis is ongoing in our galaxy. 26Al is thought to be mainly produced in massive stars, but in order to have a quantitative understanding of the 26Al distribution, the cross section of all the nuclear reactions involved in its production should be accurately known. 25Mg(α,n)28Si is one of the reactions with the strongest impact on the synthesis of 26Al during explosive neon and carbon burning. Its cross section has been measured by many authors, but below 3 MeV, the literature data are still characterized by large uncertainties due to beam-induced background. The reaction rate reported by NACRE is based on unpublished data and, at higher energies, on Hauser-Feshbach calculations, disregarding other experimental cross section datasets. In order to improve the experimental knowledge of the 25Mg(α,n)28Si cross section, a new direct measurement has been performed at Legnaro National Laboratories. A pulsed alpha beam with energies E = 3-5 MeV was provided by the CN accelerator. The neutrons were detected with 10 liquid scintillators BC501 from the RIPEN array, positioned at different angles. g-n discrimination is achieved applying the Pulse Shape Analysis technique. Furthermore, measuring the neutron energy with the Time Of Flight method it is possible to disentangle the contribution to the cross section of different 28Si excited states, and to identify the background neutrons produced by (α,n) reactions with light contaminants in the setup. The angular distributions measured with this experimental system will be presented.

Measurement of the 25Mg(α,n)28Si reaction cross section at LNL / A. Caciolli, T. Marchi, R. Depalo, S. Appannababu, N. Blasi, C. Broggini, M. Cinausero, G. Collazuol, M. Degerlier, D. Fabris, F. Gramegna, M. Leone, P. Mastinu, R. Menegazzo, G. Montagnoli, C. Rossi Alvarez, V. Rigato, O. Wieland - In: XIII Nuclei in the Cosmos (NIC XIII)[s.l] : Proceedings of Science (PoS), 2014. - pp. 1-6 (( Intervento presentato al 13. convegno 13th Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2014 tenutosi a hun nel 2014 [10.22323/1.204.0078].

Measurement of the 25Mg(α,n)28Si reaction cross section at LNL

R. Depalo;
2014

Abstract

The detection of the 1809 keV emission line associated with the decay of 26Al (T1=2 ∼ 7:2 · 105 years) in the interstellar medium provides a direct evidence that nucleosynthesis is ongoing in our galaxy. 26Al is thought to be mainly produced in massive stars, but in order to have a quantitative understanding of the 26Al distribution, the cross section of all the nuclear reactions involved in its production should be accurately known. 25Mg(α,n)28Si is one of the reactions with the strongest impact on the synthesis of 26Al during explosive neon and carbon burning. Its cross section has been measured by many authors, but below 3 MeV, the literature data are still characterized by large uncertainties due to beam-induced background. The reaction rate reported by NACRE is based on unpublished data and, at higher energies, on Hauser-Feshbach calculations, disregarding other experimental cross section datasets. In order to improve the experimental knowledge of the 25Mg(α,n)28Si cross section, a new direct measurement has been performed at Legnaro National Laboratories. A pulsed alpha beam with energies E = 3-5 MeV was provided by the CN accelerator. The neutrons were detected with 10 liquid scintillators BC501 from the RIPEN array, positioned at different angles. g-n discrimination is achieved applying the Pulse Shape Analysis technique. Furthermore, measuring the neutron energy with the Time Of Flight method it is possible to disentangle the contribution to the cross section of different 28Si excited states, and to identify the background neutrons produced by (α,n) reactions with light contaminants in the setup. The angular distributions measured with this experimental system will be presented.
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/931207
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