Purpose: To investigate the incidence, characteristics, and baseline predictors of poor visual outcomes in eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME) receiving intravitreal therapy in routine clinical practice. Design: Observational study. Participants: Treatment-naïve eyes starting intravitreal therapy for DME between 2014 and 2018 tracked in the Fight Retinal Blindness! registry. We examined 2 groups with poor visual outcomes: (1) those with sustained vision loss of > 10 letters from baseline without recovery of visual acuity (VA); and (2) those with a VA of < 55 letters at 2 years. Respective controls were eyes that did not experience poor visual outcomes. Methods: Kaplan-Meier curves analyzed the proportion of eyes that experienced poor outcomes. Cox proportional hazards models evaluated the potential baseline predictors of poor outcomes. Main Outcome Measures: The proportion of eyes that experienced poor visual outcomes within 2 years of treatment initiation and its baseline predictors. Results: The proportion of eyes with sustained VA of ≥ 10 letter loss was 14% at 2 years; 16% of eyes had VA of ≤ 55 letters 2 years after starting intravitreal therapy. Initial treatment with intravitreal corticosteroid was independently associated with a higher incidence of ≥ 10 letter loss (hazard ratio [HR], 3.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60–6.44; P < 0.01). No improvement in the VA at 3 months after starting treatment was associated with ≥ 10 letter loss (HR, 6.81; 95% CI, 4.11–11.27; P < 0.01) and VA of ≤ 55 letters at 2 years (HR, 4.28; 95% CI, 2.66–6.89; P < 0.01). The other factors related to higher risk of VA of ≤ 55 letters were older age (HR, 1.02 per year; 95% CI, 1–1.04; P = 0.04) and poor baseline VA (HR, 0.68 per 5 letters; 95% CI, 0.65–0.72, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Fourteen percent of eyes managed with intravitreal therapy in routine clinical care experienced ≥ 10 letter loss and 16% had VA of ≤55 letters 2 years after starting the treatment for DME. The identification of the incidence and predictors of poor outcomes provides a more accurate assessment of the potential benefit from intravitreal therapy.

Characterization of Poor Visual Outcomes of Diabetic Macular Edema: The Fight Retinal Blindness! Project / J. Shah, V. Nguyen, A. Hunt, H. Mehta, B. Romero-Nunez, J. Zarranz-Ventura, F. Viola, W. Bougamha, R. Barnes, D. Barthelmes, M.C. Gillies, S. Fraser-Bell. - In: OPHTHALMOLOGY RETINA. - ISSN 2468-6530. - 6:7(2022 Mar 17), pp. 540-547. [10.1016/j.oret.2022.03.007]

Characterization of Poor Visual Outcomes of Diabetic Macular Edema: The Fight Retinal Blindness! Project

F. Viola;
2022

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the incidence, characteristics, and baseline predictors of poor visual outcomes in eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME) receiving intravitreal therapy in routine clinical practice. Design: Observational study. Participants: Treatment-naïve eyes starting intravitreal therapy for DME between 2014 and 2018 tracked in the Fight Retinal Blindness! registry. We examined 2 groups with poor visual outcomes: (1) those with sustained vision loss of > 10 letters from baseline without recovery of visual acuity (VA); and (2) those with a VA of < 55 letters at 2 years. Respective controls were eyes that did not experience poor visual outcomes. Methods: Kaplan-Meier curves analyzed the proportion of eyes that experienced poor outcomes. Cox proportional hazards models evaluated the potential baseline predictors of poor outcomes. Main Outcome Measures: The proportion of eyes that experienced poor visual outcomes within 2 years of treatment initiation and its baseline predictors. Results: The proportion of eyes with sustained VA of ≥ 10 letter loss was 14% at 2 years; 16% of eyes had VA of ≤ 55 letters 2 years after starting intravitreal therapy. Initial treatment with intravitreal corticosteroid was independently associated with a higher incidence of ≥ 10 letter loss (hazard ratio [HR], 3.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60–6.44; P < 0.01). No improvement in the VA at 3 months after starting treatment was associated with ≥ 10 letter loss (HR, 6.81; 95% CI, 4.11–11.27; P < 0.01) and VA of ≤ 55 letters at 2 years (HR, 4.28; 95% CI, 2.66–6.89; P < 0.01). The other factors related to higher risk of VA of ≤ 55 letters were older age (HR, 1.02 per year; 95% CI, 1–1.04; P = 0.04) and poor baseline VA (HR, 0.68 per 5 letters; 95% CI, 0.65–0.72, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Fourteen percent of eyes managed with intravitreal therapy in routine clinical care experienced ≥ 10 letter loss and 16% had VA of ≤55 letters 2 years after starting the treatment for DME. The identification of the incidence and predictors of poor outcomes provides a more accurate assessment of the potential benefit from intravitreal therapy.
Anti-VEGF; Diabetic macular edema; Diabetic retinopathy; Intravitreal steroids
Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/929784
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