We report the rare case of a 2.5 cm in size mass diagnostic for residual thymus associated with venous vascular malformation (ISSVA classification, 2008) in a 58 years old man. Diagnosis was obtained only after surgical removal that was complicated by a sudden massive bleeding (about 1,500 cc) requiring emergency conversion to median sternotomy. Difficulty in preoperative diagnosis, rarity of histologic pattern, and surgical challenges make this case very interesting for surgeons, pathologists and radiologist. Our message, dealing with mediastinal masses, is: (a) differential diagnosis between the more frequent solid antero-superior mediastinal tumors and vascular malformation should be always considered (b) preoperative angiography should always be performed in case of uncertain diagnosis (c) coil embolization should always be considered to reduce potentially fatal bleeding (d) histologic differentiation with other thymic neoplasms must be always considered.

Case Report: Multidisciplinary Approach for a Rare Case of Thymic Vascular Malformation / F. Raveglia, L. Moneghini, M. Cariati, A. Baisi, A. Guttadauro, U. Cioffi, M. Scarci. - In: FRONTIERS IN SURGERY. - ISSN 2296-875X. - 7(2021), pp. 624615.1-624615.4. [10.3389/fsurg.2020.624615]

Case Report: Multidisciplinary Approach for a Rare Case of Thymic Vascular Malformation

F. Raveglia
Primo
;
L. Moneghini
Secondo
;
A. Baisi
Penultimo
;
U. Cioffi;
2021

Abstract

We report the rare case of a 2.5 cm in size mass diagnostic for residual thymus associated with venous vascular malformation (ISSVA classification, 2008) in a 58 years old man. Diagnosis was obtained only after surgical removal that was complicated by a sudden massive bleeding (about 1,500 cc) requiring emergency conversion to median sternotomy. Difficulty in preoperative diagnosis, rarity of histologic pattern, and surgical challenges make this case very interesting for surgeons, pathologists and radiologist. Our message, dealing with mediastinal masses, is: (a) differential diagnosis between the more frequent solid antero-superior mediastinal tumors and vascular malformation should be always considered (b) preoperative angiography should always be performed in case of uncertain diagnosis (c) coil embolization should always be considered to reduce potentially fatal bleeding (d) histologic differentiation with other thymic neoplasms must be always considered.
case report; multidisciplinary approach; residual thymus; venous vascular malformation; vessel embolization
Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/929692
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