The immune and antioxidant systems are intimately connected and their role in the etiology of major psychiatric disorders is currently under study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential associations between inflammatory/antioxidant peripheral markers and presence of psychotic symptoms or severity of illness in patients affected by major psychiatric disorders. One hundred and twenty-six drug-free patients were included. A blood sample was collected to measure total/B/T lymphocytes and plasma levels of albumin, total bilirubin, uric acid, C-reactive protein, and vitamins A and E. Severity of illness was assessed using psychometric scales. Groups of patients divided according to diagnosis were compared in terms of measured markers using multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVAs). Linear and logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate the potential association between markers and severity of illness or presence/absence of psychotic symptoms. Albumin plasma levels were higher in patients with substance-induced psychotic disorder (SIPD) than subjects affected by schizophrenia (F ​= ​4.923; p ​= ​0.003). Lower vitamin E (OR ​= ​0.81; p ​= ​0.014) and T lymphocyte (OR ​= ​0.99; p ​= ​0.048) plasma levels were predictive of lifetime psychotic symptoms. Lower vitamin A levels were associated with higher Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale scores (β ​= ​-24.26; p ​= ​0.029), independent of diagnosis. Patients with SIPD may be less vulnerable to oxidative stress. The severity of depressive symptoms, inversely associated with vitamin A plasma levels, is likely to be modulated by the degree of inflammation. Patients presenting with lifetime psychotic symptoms may be more vulnerable to oxidative stress and may have a higher activation of humoral immunity.

Is there an association between inflammatory/anti-oxidant markers and the presence of psychotic symptoms or severity of illness in mood and psychotic disorders? A multi-centric study on a drug-free sample / A. Caldiroli, E. Capuzzi, J. Barkin, S. Grassi, C. Esposito, A. Auxilia, S. Russo, I. Tagliabue, G. Carnevali, F. Mucci, E. Invernizzi, M. Clerici, M. Buoli. - In: BRAIN, BEHAVIOR, & IMMUNITY. HEALTH. - ISSN 2666-3546. - 22:(2022 Jul), pp. 100453.1-100453.7. [10.1016/j.bbih.2022.100453]

Is there an association between inflammatory/anti-oxidant markers and the presence of psychotic symptoms or severity of illness in mood and psychotic disorders? A multi-centric study on a drug-free sample

A. Caldiroli
Primo
;
S. Grassi;C. Esposito;G. Carnevali;F. Mucci;E. Invernizzi;M. Buoli
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2022-07

Abstract

The immune and antioxidant systems are intimately connected and their role in the etiology of major psychiatric disorders is currently under study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential associations between inflammatory/antioxidant peripheral markers and presence of psychotic symptoms or severity of illness in patients affected by major psychiatric disorders. One hundred and twenty-six drug-free patients were included. A blood sample was collected to measure total/B/T lymphocytes and plasma levels of albumin, total bilirubin, uric acid, C-reactive protein, and vitamins A and E. Severity of illness was assessed using psychometric scales. Groups of patients divided according to diagnosis were compared in terms of measured markers using multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVAs). Linear and logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate the potential association between markers and severity of illness or presence/absence of psychotic symptoms. Albumin plasma levels were higher in patients with substance-induced psychotic disorder (SIPD) than subjects affected by schizophrenia (F ​= ​4.923; p ​= ​0.003). Lower vitamin E (OR ​= ​0.81; p ​= ​0.014) and T lymphocyte (OR ​= ​0.99; p ​= ​0.048) plasma levels were predictive of lifetime psychotic symptoms. Lower vitamin A levels were associated with higher Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale scores (β ​= ​-24.26; p ​= ​0.029), independent of diagnosis. Patients with SIPD may be less vulnerable to oxidative stress. The severity of depressive symptoms, inversely associated with vitamin A plasma levels, is likely to be modulated by the degree of inflammation. Patients presenting with lifetime psychotic symptoms may be more vulnerable to oxidative stress and may have a higher activation of humoral immunity.
inflammation; oxidative stress; psychotic disorders; mood disorders; vitamins
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/929367
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