A parotid abscess is a dangerous complication of parotitis. In this study, we aimed to define current treatment concepts for parotid abscess, focusing on different management options. The authors performed a PRISMA-compliant systematic review across multiple databases including all original studies published until January 2021 focusing on treatment of parotid abscess. Studies specifying treatment modalities and treatment success rates were included based on abstract and full-text selection. The authors assessed study quality, demographics, success rates, management modalities and adverse events. Among 1,318 citations, 18 studies met our inclusion criteria. Twelve studies relied only on incision and drainage with antibiotic therapy; the remaining 6 compared different treatment modalities (incision and drainage versus exclusive medical therapy or ultrasound-guided drainage). Heterogeneity between studies precluded meta-analysis of data. The review showed that antibiotics remain the mainstay of treatment for parotid abscess. Conversely, the role of incision and drainage, and aspiration should be studied further. The higher rate of complications following incision and drainage suggests a more conservative approach is needed. Incision and drainage remain the main salvage option for conservative treatment failures.

Treatment for parotid abscess: a systematic review / A.M. Saibene, F. Allevi, T. Ayad, J.R. Lechien, M. Mayo-Yáñez, K. Piersiala, C.M. Chiesa-Estomba. - In: ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA. - ISSN 1827-675X. - 42:2(2022 Apr), pp. 106-115. [10.14639/0392-100X-N1837]

Treatment for parotid abscess: a systematic review

Saibene, Alberto Maria;Allevi, Fabiana;
2022-04

Abstract

A parotid abscess is a dangerous complication of parotitis. In this study, we aimed to define current treatment concepts for parotid abscess, focusing on different management options. The authors performed a PRISMA-compliant systematic review across multiple databases including all original studies published until January 2021 focusing on treatment of parotid abscess. Studies specifying treatment modalities and treatment success rates were included based on abstract and full-text selection. The authors assessed study quality, demographics, success rates, management modalities and adverse events. Among 1,318 citations, 18 studies met our inclusion criteria. Twelve studies relied only on incision and drainage with antibiotic therapy; the remaining 6 compared different treatment modalities (incision and drainage versus exclusive medical therapy or ultrasound-guided drainage). Heterogeneity between studies precluded meta-analysis of data. The review showed that antibiotics remain the mainstay of treatment for parotid abscess. Conversely, the role of incision and drainage, and aspiration should be studied further. The higher rate of complications following incision and drainage suggests a more conservative approach is needed. Incision and drainage remain the main salvage option for conservative treatment failures.
antibiotics; drainage; parotitis; salivary gland; sialadenitis
Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria
Settore MED/29 - Chirurgia Maxillofacciale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/929343
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