Fine motor skills rely on the control of hand muscles exerted by a region of primary motor cortex (M1) that has been extensively investigated in monkeys. Although neuroimaging enables the exploration of this system also in humans, indirect measurements of brain activity prevent causal definitions of hand motor representations, which can be achieved using data obtained during brain mapping in tumor patients. High-frequency direct electrical stimulation delivered at rest (HF-DESRest) on the hand-knob region of the precentral gyrus has identified two sectors showing differences in cortical excitability. Using quantitative analysis of motor output elicited with HF DES-Rest, we characterized two sectors based on their excitability, higher in the posterior and lower in the anterior sector. We studied whether the different cortical excitability of these two regions reflected differences in functional connectivity (FC) and structural connectivity (SC). Using healthy adults from the Human Connectome Project (HCP), we computed FC and SC of the anterior and the posterior hand-knob sectors identified within a large cohort of patients. The comparison of FC of the two seeds showed that the anterior hand-knob, relative to the posterior hand-knob, showed stronger functional connections with a bilateral set of parietofrontal areas responsible for integrating perceptual and cognitive hand-related sensorimotor processes necessary for goal-related actions. This was reflected in different patterns of SC between the two sectors. Our results suggest that the human hand-knob is a functionally and structurally heterogeneous region organized along a motor-cognitive gradient.

Distinct functional and structural connectivity of the human hand-knob supported by intraoperative findings / L. Simone, L. Vigano, L. Fornia, H. Howells, A. Leonetti, G. Puglisi, A. Bellacicca, L. Bello, G. Cerri. - In: THE JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 0270-6474. - 41:19(2021 May 12), pp. 4223-4233. [10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1574-20.2021]

Distinct functional and structural connectivity of the human hand-knob supported by intraoperative findings

L. Fornia;H. Howells;A. Leonetti;G. Puglisi;A. Bellacicca;L. Bello;G. Cerri
2021-05-12

Abstract

Fine motor skills rely on the control of hand muscles exerted by a region of primary motor cortex (M1) that has been extensively investigated in monkeys. Although neuroimaging enables the exploration of this system also in humans, indirect measurements of brain activity prevent causal definitions of hand motor representations, which can be achieved using data obtained during brain mapping in tumor patients. High-frequency direct electrical stimulation delivered at rest (HF-DESRest) on the hand-knob region of the precentral gyrus has identified two sectors showing differences in cortical excitability. Using quantitative analysis of motor output elicited with HF DES-Rest, we characterized two sectors based on their excitability, higher in the posterior and lower in the anterior sector. We studied whether the different cortical excitability of these two regions reflected differences in functional connectivity (FC) and structural connectivity (SC). Using healthy adults from the Human Connectome Project (HCP), we computed FC and SC of the anterior and the posterior hand-knob sectors identified within a large cohort of patients. The comparison of FC of the two seeds showed that the anterior hand-knob, relative to the posterior hand-knob, showed stronger functional connections with a bilateral set of parietofrontal areas responsible for integrating perceptual and cognitive hand-related sensorimotor processes necessary for goal-related actions. This was reflected in different patterns of SC between the two sectors. Our results suggest that the human hand-knob is a functionally and structurally heterogeneous region organized along a motor-cognitive gradient.
Cortical excitability; Direct electrical stimulation; Functional connectivity; Hand-knob; Structural connectivity; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Cerebral Cortex; Cognition; Connectome; Evoked Potentials, Motor; Female; Frontal Lobe; Hand; Humans; Intraoperative Period; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Middle Aged; Motor Cortex; Motor Skills; Muscle, Skeletal; Neural Pathways; Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation; Visual Perception; Young Adult
Settore M-PSI/02 - Psicobiologia e Psicologia Fisiologica
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/929123
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