Activated coagulation Factor V is an important cofactor of the coagulation cascade that catalyzes the formation, of the prothrombinase complex on. the surface of membranes rich in phosphatidyl-L-serine (PS). Here we report molecular dynamics simulations of the two crystallographic structures (the open and closed conformations) of domain C2 of coagulation Factor V (FaVC2). The calculations were performed in water (1.5 ns for each conformation) and in the presence of a neutral phospholipid bilayer model (POPE; 10 ns for each conformation) in order to describe the dynamics of the free (plasma circulating) and membrane bound forms of FaVC2. Water simulations confirmed the hypothesis that the plasma circulating form is in the closed conformation. In contrast, the membrane simulations showed that both conformations are energetically compatible with membrane binding. We have investigated the mechanism, the dynamics, and the energetics of the binding process. Our data are consistent with published estimates of the immersion depth of the aromatic residues (W26 and W27), and with mutagenesis studies involving specific residues located on the spikes at the bottom of the FaVC2 structure. Electrostatic interactions between the phospholipid head groups and hydrophilic residues at the bottom of the structure play a key role in the binding process by creating a large number of hydrogen bonds that anchor the protein to the membrane. The simulations identified a stable phospholipid binding pocket reminiscent of a previously suggested PS interaction site. Our structural data could contribute to the design of potential inhibitors able to disrupt membrane association.

Interactions of the C2 domain of human factor V with a model membrane / L. Mollica, F. Fraternali, G. Musco. - In: PROTEINS. - ISSN 0887-3585. - 64:2(2006), pp. 363-375. [10.1002/prot.20986]

Interactions of the C2 domain of human factor V with a model membrane

L. Mollica
Primo
;
2006

Abstract

Activated coagulation Factor V is an important cofactor of the coagulation cascade that catalyzes the formation, of the prothrombinase complex on. the surface of membranes rich in phosphatidyl-L-serine (PS). Here we report molecular dynamics simulations of the two crystallographic structures (the open and closed conformations) of domain C2 of coagulation Factor V (FaVC2). The calculations were performed in water (1.5 ns for each conformation) and in the presence of a neutral phospholipid bilayer model (POPE; 10 ns for each conformation) in order to describe the dynamics of the free (plasma circulating) and membrane bound forms of FaVC2. Water simulations confirmed the hypothesis that the plasma circulating form is in the closed conformation. In contrast, the membrane simulations showed that both conformations are energetically compatible with membrane binding. We have investigated the mechanism, the dynamics, and the energetics of the binding process. Our data are consistent with published estimates of the immersion depth of the aromatic residues (W26 and W27), and with mutagenesis studies involving specific residues located on the spikes at the bottom of the FaVC2 structure. Electrostatic interactions between the phospholipid head groups and hydrophilic residues at the bottom of the structure play a key role in the binding process by creating a large number of hydrogen bonds that anchor the protein to the membrane. The simulations identified a stable phospholipid binding pocket reminiscent of a previously suggested PS interaction site. Our structural data could contribute to the design of potential inhibitors able to disrupt membrane association.
domain C2 of coagulation factor V; molecular dynamics; peripheral membrane protein; POPE
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/926506
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