The aboveground growth, physiological and biochemical parameters of two clones of the cosmopolitan wetland grass Phragmites australis, grown at four treatment combinations of temperature and CO2, were investigated to elucidate whether their climate response differed due to inherent differences in their ecological adaptation. The two phylogeographically distinct P. australis clones (DK clone, European genetic background; ALG clone, Mediterranean genetic background) were grown for 151 days in phytotrons at 19/12 8C (day/night temperature) and 390 ppm CO2, and at elevated temperature (+5 8C) and CO2 (700 ppm) with treatment factors alone or in combination. The ALG clone had 2-4 times higher aboveground biomass, higher light-saturated rates of photosynthesis (Pmax), maximum electron transport rates (ETRmax) and Rubisco activity, and higher photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency than the DK clone. The DK clone, however, produced more shoots, leaves and sideshoots, and had 9-51 % higher specific leaf area and 15-39 % higher leaf nitrogen concentration than the ALG clone. Although elevated atmospheric CO2 alone barely affected the aboveground growth of the two P. australis clones, simultaneously elevated temperature and CO2 stimulated growth and aboveground biomass. Overall, elevated CO2 stimulated photosynthesis, but the clones responded differently to a concomitant increase in CO2 and temperature, depending on the phylogeographic background of the plant. The DK clone showed overall stronger responses, and can be considered the more plastic of the two clones with respect to CO2 and temperature. Thus, the DK clone may be better adapted to climate change than the ALG clone, at least in the short term. © The Authors 2012.

Interactive effects of elevated temperature and CO2 on two phylogeographically distinct clones of common reed (Phragmites australis) / F. Eller, C. Lambertini, L.X. Nguyen, L. Achenbach, H. Brix. - In: AOB PLANTS. - ISSN 2041-2851. - 5:(2013). [10.1093/aobpla/pls051]

Interactive effects of elevated temperature and CO2 on two phylogeographically distinct clones of common reed (Phragmites australis)

C. Lambertini;
2013

Abstract

The aboveground growth, physiological and biochemical parameters of two clones of the cosmopolitan wetland grass Phragmites australis, grown at four treatment combinations of temperature and CO2, were investigated to elucidate whether their climate response differed due to inherent differences in their ecological adaptation. The two phylogeographically distinct P. australis clones (DK clone, European genetic background; ALG clone, Mediterranean genetic background) were grown for 151 days in phytotrons at 19/12 8C (day/night temperature) and 390 ppm CO2, and at elevated temperature (+5 8C) and CO2 (700 ppm) with treatment factors alone or in combination. The ALG clone had 2-4 times higher aboveground biomass, higher light-saturated rates of photosynthesis (Pmax), maximum electron transport rates (ETRmax) and Rubisco activity, and higher photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency than the DK clone. The DK clone, however, produced more shoots, leaves and sideshoots, and had 9-51 % higher specific leaf area and 15-39 % higher leaf nitrogen concentration than the ALG clone. Although elevated atmospheric CO2 alone barely affected the aboveground growth of the two P. australis clones, simultaneously elevated temperature and CO2 stimulated growth and aboveground biomass. Overall, elevated CO2 stimulated photosynthesis, but the clones responded differently to a concomitant increase in CO2 and temperature, depending on the phylogeographic background of the plant. The DK clone showed overall stronger responses, and can be considered the more plastic of the two clones with respect to CO2 and temperature. Thus, the DK clone may be better adapted to climate change than the ALG clone, at least in the short term. © The Authors 2012.
Algeria; Climate change; Denmark; Mediterranean Phragmites; RERAF phytotron; Temperate Phragmites
Settore BIO/01 - Botanica Generale
Settore BIO/03 - Botanica Ambientale e Applicata
Settore BIO/02 - Botanica Sistematica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/923013
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