Three-dimensional (3D) structured organoids are the most advanced in vitro models for studying human health effects, but their application to evaluate the biological effects associated with microplastic exposure was neglected until now. Fibers from synthetic clothes and fabrics are a major source of airborne microplastics, and their release from dryer machines is poorly understood. We quantified and characterized the microplastic fibers (MPFs) released in the exhaust filter of a household dryer and tested their effects on airway organoids (1, 10, and 50 µg mL−1) by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal microscopy and quantitative reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). While the presence of MPFs did not inhibit organoid growth, we observed a significant reduction of SCGB1A1 gene expression related to club cell functionality and a polarized cell growth along the fibers. The MPFs did not cause relevant inflammation or oxidative stress but were coated with a cellular layer, resulting in the inclusion of fibers in the organoid. This effect could have long-term implications regarding lung epithelial cells undergoing repair. This exposure study using human airway organoids proved suitability of the model for studying the effects of airborne microplastic contamination on humans and could form the basis for further research regarding the toxicological assessment of emerging contaminants such as micro- or nanoplastics.

Human airway organoids and microplastic fibers: A new exposure model for emerging contaminants / A.S. Winkler, A. Cherubini, F. Rusconi, N. Santo, L. Madaschi, C. Pistoni, G. Moschetti, M.L. Sarnicola, M. Crosti, L. Rosso, P. Tremolada, L. Lazzari, R. Bacchetta. - In: ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0160-4120. - 163:(2022), pp. 107200.1-107200.15. [10.1016/j.envint.2022.107200]

Human airway organoids and microplastic fibers: A new exposure model for emerging contaminants

A.S. Winkler
Primo
;
G. Moschetti;L. Rosso;P. Tremolada;R. Bacchetta
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) structured organoids are the most advanced in vitro models for studying human health effects, but their application to evaluate the biological effects associated with microplastic exposure was neglected until now. Fibers from synthetic clothes and fabrics are a major source of airborne microplastics, and their release from dryer machines is poorly understood. We quantified and characterized the microplastic fibers (MPFs) released in the exhaust filter of a household dryer and tested their effects on airway organoids (1, 10, and 50 µg mL−1) by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal microscopy and quantitative reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). While the presence of MPFs did not inhibit organoid growth, we observed a significant reduction of SCGB1A1 gene expression related to club cell functionality and a polarized cell growth along the fibers. The MPFs did not cause relevant inflammation or oxidative stress but were coated with a cellular layer, resulting in the inclusion of fibers in the organoid. This effect could have long-term implications regarding lung epithelial cells undergoing repair. This exposure study using human airway organoids proved suitability of the model for studying the effects of airborne microplastic contamination on humans and could form the basis for further research regarding the toxicological assessment of emerging contaminants such as micro- or nanoplastics.
Airborne microplastic; Airway organoids; Dryer machine; Polyester fibers;
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica
2022
26-mar-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/922385
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