Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oral factors on adherence to the Mediterranean diet in an older population Methods: 130 persons over 60 years visiting Open Care Community Centers for Older People participated in this study. Oral interviews recorded demographic and sociomedical information, subjective oral complaints, and dental habits. Adherence to Mediterranean diet was assessed using the MDI_BNC4H index (range: 0–14). An oral examination was performed, and evaluation of the masticatory performance was carried out using a two-color chewing gum that was digitally analysed. Results: The mean age of the study participants was 73.9 ± 8.5 years. The score of adherence to the Mediterranean diet ranged from 3 to 9 (5.6 ± 1.4). 58 participants used removable prostheses, while 20 used a pair of complete dentures. Univariate analyses revealed that the parameters that negatively significantly, or marginally significantly, affected the level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were lower masticatory performance (p = 0.050), larger number of drugs per day (p = 0.056), higher BMI (p = 0.043) and smoking (p = 0.053). The multivariable analysis revealed that lower adherence to the Mediterranean diet was significantly associated with higher BMI (p = 0.047) and lower masticatory performance (p = 0.050). Conclusions: Increased masticatory performance was an independent predictor of better adherence to the Mediterranean diet in an older population.

Oral factors and adherence to Mediterranean diet in an older Greek population / A. Bousiou, K. Konstantopoulou, G. Martimianaki, E. Peppa, A. Trichopoulou, A. Polychronopoulou, D.J. Halazonetis, M. Schimmel, A.E. Kossioni. - In: AGING CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1594-0667. - 33:12(2021 Dec), pp. 3237-3244. [10.1007/s40520-021-01861-8]

Oral factors and adherence to Mediterranean diet in an older Greek population

G. Martimianaki;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oral factors on adherence to the Mediterranean diet in an older population Methods: 130 persons over 60 years visiting Open Care Community Centers for Older People participated in this study. Oral interviews recorded demographic and sociomedical information, subjective oral complaints, and dental habits. Adherence to Mediterranean diet was assessed using the MDI_BNC4H index (range: 0–14). An oral examination was performed, and evaluation of the masticatory performance was carried out using a two-color chewing gum that was digitally analysed. Results: The mean age of the study participants was 73.9 ± 8.5 years. The score of adherence to the Mediterranean diet ranged from 3 to 9 (5.6 ± 1.4). 58 participants used removable prostheses, while 20 used a pair of complete dentures. Univariate analyses revealed that the parameters that negatively significantly, or marginally significantly, affected the level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were lower masticatory performance (p = 0.050), larger number of drugs per day (p = 0.056), higher BMI (p = 0.043) and smoking (p = 0.053). The multivariable analysis revealed that lower adherence to the Mediterranean diet was significantly associated with higher BMI (p = 0.047) and lower masticatory performance (p = 0.050). Conclusions: Increased masticatory performance was an independent predictor of better adherence to the Mediterranean diet in an older population.
BMI; masticatory performance; Mediterranean diet; older adults; oral health; aged; aged, 80 and over; denture, complete; Greece; humans; diet, Mediterranean
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
dic-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/920607
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