The “bovine” aortic arch is an anatomic variant consisting in a common origin of the innominate and left carotid artery (CILCA), associated with a greater risk of thoracic aortic diseases (aneurysms and dissections), stroke, and complications after endovascular procedures. CILCA can be detected by visual assessment of computed tomography (CT) chest scans, but it is rarely reported. We developed a deep learning (DL) segmentation-plus-classification system to automatically detect CILCA based on 302 CT studies acquired at 2 centers. One model (3D U-Net) was trained from scratch (supervised by manual segmentation), validated, and tested for the automatic segmentation of the aortic arch and supra-aortic vessels. Three DL architectures (ResNet50, DenseNet-201, and SqueezeNet), pre-trained over millions of common images, were trained, validated, and tested for the automatic classification of CILCA versus non-CILCA, supervised by radiologist’s classification. The 3D U-Net-plus-DenseNet-201 was found to be the best system (Dice index 0.912); its classification performance obtained from internal, independent testing on 126 patients gave a receiver operating characteristic area under the curve of 87.0%, sensitivity 66.7%, specificity 90.5%, positive predictive value 87.5%, negative predictive value 73.1%, positive likelihood ratio 7.0, and negative likelihood ratio 0.4. In conclusion, a combined DL system applied to chest CT scans was developed and proven to be an effective tool to detect individuals with “bovine” aortic arch with a low rate of false-positive findings.

A combined deep learning system for automatic detection of “bovine” aortic arch on computed tomography scans / F. Secchi, M. Interlenghi, M. Ali, E. Schiavon, C.B. Monti, D. Capra, C. Salvatore, I. Castiglioni, S. Papa, F. Sardanelli, M.M. Marrocco-Trischitta. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 12:4(2022 Feb 16), pp. 2056.1-2056.15. [10.3390/app12042056]

A combined deep learning system for automatic detection of “bovine” aortic arch on computed tomography scans

F. Secchi
Primo
;
C.B. Monti;D. Capra;F. Sardanelli
;
2022

Abstract

The “bovine” aortic arch is an anatomic variant consisting in a common origin of the innominate and left carotid artery (CILCA), associated with a greater risk of thoracic aortic diseases (aneurysms and dissections), stroke, and complications after endovascular procedures. CILCA can be detected by visual assessment of computed tomography (CT) chest scans, but it is rarely reported. We developed a deep learning (DL) segmentation-plus-classification system to automatically detect CILCA based on 302 CT studies acquired at 2 centers. One model (3D U-Net) was trained from scratch (supervised by manual segmentation), validated, and tested for the automatic segmentation of the aortic arch and supra-aortic vessels. Three DL architectures (ResNet50, DenseNet-201, and SqueezeNet), pre-trained over millions of common images, were trained, validated, and tested for the automatic classification of CILCA versus non-CILCA, supervised by radiologist’s classification. The 3D U-Net-plus-DenseNet-201 was found to be the best system (Dice index 0.912); its classification performance obtained from internal, independent testing on 126 patients gave a receiver operating characteristic area under the curve of 87.0%, sensitivity 66.7%, specificity 90.5%, positive predictive value 87.5%, negative predictive value 73.1%, positive likelihood ratio 7.0, and negative likelihood ratio 0.4. In conclusion, a combined DL system applied to chest CT scans was developed and proven to be an effective tool to detect individuals with “bovine” aortic arch with a low rate of false-positive findings.
aorta; brachiocephalic trunk; carotid artery; common; deep learning; thoracic; tomography; X-ray computed
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
16-feb-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/913079
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