Background: Healthcare providers working in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are considered at high risk for psychological work-related stress. Purpose: To evaluate both perceived and biological measures of work-related stress in neonatal healthcare professionals and to compare professionals working in the NICU with their colleagues working in less critical environments (ie, neonatal wards [NWs]). Methods: The salivary cortisol level at the beginning (CORT-B) and at the end (CORT-E) of a daily work shift was collected once a week for 6 weeks and a psychological questionnaire was submitted to NW and NICU workers of a tertiary university center. Results: No differences emerged in the overall cortisol secretion between professionals (NW 45 vs NICU 28), but the decrease in the mean cortisol values between CORT-B and CORT-E was less pronounced in NICU professionals (P <.001) who had greater psychological stress (P <.001). Lack of correlation between perceived and biological indexes was observed. Implications for Practice: NICU professionals reported greater levels of self-perceived psychological stress, especially in terms of professional self-doubt and the complexity of interactions with infants and their parents. The disconnection between psychological and biological indexes raises the issue that work-related stress might be covert to the professionals themselves. Dedicated resources should be developed to address quality of life and the work environment of NICU professionals. Implications for Research: The absence of a correlation between perceived and biological indexes highlights the need to incorporate multidimensional physiological and biological measurements in evaluating burnout levels in neonatal healthcare providers.

Self-Report and Biological Indexes of Work-Related Stress in Neonatal Healthcare Professionals: A Repeated-Measures Observational Study / M. Fumagalli, L. Provenzi, G. Sorrentino, F. Ciceri, C. Fontana, S. Passera, M. Moncecchi, L. Plevani, D. Laquintana, R. Borgatti, F. Mosca, R. Montirosso. - In: ADVANCES IN NEONATAL CARE. - ISSN 1536-0903. - 21:5(2021), pp. E120-E128. [10.1097/ANC.0000000000000848]

Self-Report and Biological Indexes of Work-Related Stress in Neonatal Healthcare Professionals: A Repeated-Measures Observational Study

Fumagalli M.;Sorrentino G.;Ciceri F.;Fontana C.;Passera S.;Plevani L.;Laquintana D.;Mosca F.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Healthcare providers working in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are considered at high risk for psychological work-related stress. Purpose: To evaluate both perceived and biological measures of work-related stress in neonatal healthcare professionals and to compare professionals working in the NICU with their colleagues working in less critical environments (ie, neonatal wards [NWs]). Methods: The salivary cortisol level at the beginning (CORT-B) and at the end (CORT-E) of a daily work shift was collected once a week for 6 weeks and a psychological questionnaire was submitted to NW and NICU workers of a tertiary university center. Results: No differences emerged in the overall cortisol secretion between professionals (NW 45 vs NICU 28), but the decrease in the mean cortisol values between CORT-B and CORT-E was less pronounced in NICU professionals (P <.001) who had greater psychological stress (P <.001). Lack of correlation between perceived and biological indexes was observed. Implications for Practice: NICU professionals reported greater levels of self-perceived psychological stress, especially in terms of professional self-doubt and the complexity of interactions with infants and their parents. The disconnection between psychological and biological indexes raises the issue that work-related stress might be covert to the professionals themselves. Dedicated resources should be developed to address quality of life and the work environment of NICU professionals. Implications for Research: The absence of a correlation between perceived and biological indexes highlights the need to incorporate multidimensional physiological and biological measurements in evaluating burnout levels in neonatal healthcare providers.
cortisol; healthcare providers; neonatal intensive care unit; neonatal ward; work-related stress
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/912988
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