Total thyroidectomy (TT) in patients with Graves’ disease is challenging even for an experienced thyroid surgeon. This study aimed to investigate the accumulation of experience and applying newly developed devices on major complications and voice outcomes after surgery of a single surgeon over 30 years. This study retrospectively reviewed 90 patients with Graves’ disease who received TT. Forty-six patients received surgery during 1990–1999 (Group A), and 44 patients received surgery during 2010–2019 (Group B). Major complications rates were compared between Group A/B, and objective voice parameters were compared between the usage of energy-based devices (EBDs) within Group B. Compared to Group B, Group A patients had higher rates of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (13.0%/1.1%, p = 0.001), postoperative hypocalcemia (47.8%/18.2%, p = 0.002), and postoperative hematoma (10.9%/2.3%, p = 0.108). Additionally, Group A had one permanent vocal cord palsy, four permanent hypocalcemia, and one thyroid storm, whereas none of Group B had these complications. Group B patients with EBDs had a significantly better pitch range (p = 0.015) and jitter (p = 0.035) than those without EBDs. To reduce the major complications rate, inexperienced thyroid surgeons should remain vigilant when performing TT for Graves’ disease. Updates on surgical concepts and the effective use of operative adjuncts are necessary to improve patient safety and voice outcome.

Accumulation of Experience and Newly Developed Devices Can Improve the Safety and Voice Outcome of Total Thyroidectomy for Graves’ Disease / C. Chuang, T. Huang, T. Hwang, C. Wu, I. Lu, P. Chang, Y. Lin, L. Wang, C. Wang, C. Lien, G. Dionigi, C. Tai, F. Chiang. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:5(2022 Mar), pp. 1298.1-1298.9. [10.3390/jcm11051298]

Accumulation of Experience and Newly Developed Devices Can Improve the Safety and Voice Outcome of Total Thyroidectomy for Graves’ Disease

G. Dionigi;
2022

Abstract

Total thyroidectomy (TT) in patients with Graves’ disease is challenging even for an experienced thyroid surgeon. This study aimed to investigate the accumulation of experience and applying newly developed devices on major complications and voice outcomes after surgery of a single surgeon over 30 years. This study retrospectively reviewed 90 patients with Graves’ disease who received TT. Forty-six patients received surgery during 1990–1999 (Group A), and 44 patients received surgery during 2010–2019 (Group B). Major complications rates were compared between Group A/B, and objective voice parameters were compared between the usage of energy-based devices (EBDs) within Group B. Compared to Group B, Group A patients had higher rates of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (13.0%/1.1%, p = 0.001), postoperative hypocalcemia (47.8%/18.2%, p = 0.002), and postoperative hematoma (10.9%/2.3%, p = 0.108). Additionally, Group A had one permanent vocal cord palsy, four permanent hypocalcemia, and one thyroid storm, whereas none of Group B had these complications. Group B patients with EBDs had a significantly better pitch range (p = 0.015) and jitter (p = 0.035) than those without EBDs. To reduce the major complications rate, inexperienced thyroid surgeons should remain vigilant when performing TT for Graves’ disease. Updates on surgical concepts and the effective use of operative adjuncts are necessary to improve patient safety and voice outcome.
Energy-based device (EBD); Experience and newly developed devices; Graves’ disease; Major complications; Total thyroidectomy; Voice outcome
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/912733
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